This is a good alternative for residents who would like to engage in rabbit breeding.
Pros and cons of breeding rabbits in the garage
Doing a rabbit breeding business in a garage is quite a profitable business. Denote the main advantages of growing rabbits in the garage:
- guaranteed high profitability
- constant steady income
- relatively low costs at the initial stage of business organization,
- short payback period
- Breeding rabbits for yourself is a profitable occupation that regularly provides healthy dietary meat, fur and skins.
- strict hygienic and quarantine requirements for the room where animals of different age groups are kept (and this is a tangible time cost),
- frequent pet diseases,
- strict accounting and control of the livestock formation process, conducting work on the correct process of crossing rabbits,
- the need for a separate cage for each head, except for young.
What to consider when breeding rabbits in the garage
Earthing cages in the garage should be comfortable and easy to maintain. Consider what other conditions in the garage must be provided before you buy rabbits.
The first thing you will need to take care of the lighting room. Many business executives recommend opening the garage door during the warm time of the day, during cleaning or other actions. You can use ordinary LED lamps or special ones that create the effect of an artificial sun (turn them on for no longer than 10 hours a day).
However, on hot summer days, the animals will hide from direct sunlight, so it is important to take care of the absence of bright sunlight during this period.
Air temperature and humidity
In the garage, rabbits need to ensure normal humidity and avoid sudden changes in temperature in the room. Optimum humidity - 60–70%. With regard to temperature, it is desirable to comply with the average - from +10 to +20 ° C. In such conditions, the heat transfer of the body of animals is only 20–25%. In order to maintain the optimum temperature, it is recommended to install heating in the garage in the winter. Increasing the temperature in the room, these animals suffer even worse than its decrease. At a stable temperature of +35 ° C, they overheat, especially in still and humid air, and die. Smooth microclimate will help to create insulation of garage doors with foam plastic, mineral wool. All joints between the sections need to be supplied with reliable seals (blow out foam) - this will help minimize the leakage of warm air from the garage.
Great attention also needs to be paid to ventilation in the garage. In the absence of a ventilation system in a closed winter room, the smell of manure and urine will accumulate and remain inside. There will be a danger of increasing the concentration of ammonia vapors and hydrogen sulfide, which is very harmful for animals and quite unpleasant for the breeder. Proper ventilation and regular cleaning will eliminate this problem. You can install forced ventilation, using, for example, a duct fan with automatic mode on and off.
No drafts, rats and mice
When keeping rabbits in the garage, you can face such a dangerous nuisance as the appearance of rats and mice. Rodents tolerate various infections and can cause serious harm to the little rabbits. A prerequisite for the prevention of the appearance of these pests is regular garbage and rubbish collection. Keep your cages clean and close to the garage. Pay special attention to the storage location of food for rabbits, because rodents transmit diseases most often through food.
Choosing the right breed
The best and, accordingly, the most common breeds of rabbits are:
- Gray giant - a popular meat breed. The mass of adults can reach 6.5 kg.
- New Zealand red - early meat breed. Adults reach a mass of 5 kg.
Design and dimensions
The considered cellular system has several features:
- 3 tiers of different sizes
- convenient tilting feeder
- sloping floors.
In the design there is no stationary queen cell. In winter, inside you can install a closed wooden box with a hole to enter the rabbit. In summer, this “dwelling” gets out of the cage and the female organizes a nest on a bed of hay. The plot with young stock is protected from the adult zone by a usual board.
The width of the cage should be 2 m, height - about 1.5 m. Depth of construction - from 70 to 80 cm. Be sure to follow the recommendation for floor slope - from 5 to 7 cm. The area of the floor grid at the back wall should be 15–20 cm. The dimensions of the door are 40x40 cm, the approximate height of one tier is 50 cm. 1 - a test door to the socket compartment, 2 - a pole-stand, 3 - a mesh door, 4 - a drinking bowl, 6 - a sliding feeder, 7 - a nursery, 8 - a hole for a drinking bowl. We also give the size of the drawer of the queen cell:
- front wall height - 16 cm
- rear wall height - 26 cm
- floor and ceiling - squares with dimensions of 40x40 cm,
- the opening for the rabbit entry in height is 15 cm, in width it is 10–15 cm.
How to breed rabbits at home
Selling breeding stock of rabbits is the most profitable type of business and brings a fairly decent income, so when you engage in this type of activity, you must always maintain a clean breed.
Meat is valued for its dietary properties and special taste, it is bought by people, even those who for health reasons are forbidden to eat beef or pork.
Rabbit skins can be sold to dealers or donated to any other places of sales, but you can earn more by self-manufacturing skins and sew various products from them: fur coats, hats and much more. Information on the manufacture of skins can be found on the Internet or purchase a book in bookstores, which will describe the detailed instructions on this type of activity.
The content of rabbits in aviaries
The method of keeping the rabbit cages is the most suitable and convenient option, since the breeding individuals are separate from each other and it is easy to control their condition and behavior.
Rabbit cages can be constructed from a variety of materials, but wood is best suited. A tree in the summer heat does not heat up much and in winter it is not very cold, not to mention a metal that has inverse properties. Cages are of various types: queen cells, for breeding individuals and young animals. Mother Cards - they contain a rabbit with little rabbits, in which a house is set at will, in which she will produce her offspring.
For the young - they contain the younger generation of rabbits. For breeding individuals - they will contain breeding individuals, including the male, which, as a rule, is kept separately from the entire population. On request, feeders for coarse feed and grain, as well as drinkers, are installed in the cages.
The content of rabbits in the pits
The method of keeping rabbits in the pits is suitable for those who have no money to buy building materials or time to build cages. Rabbits themselves dig holes. This method of content is very simple. On the plot, a place is chosen, preferably on a hill, in places where there is no water. A pit is dug about one meter deep, no less, since rabbits can run away, and the width of the pit can be dug at will, there are even sizes of ten by two meters, but one meter will suffice. It is only necessary to remember one condition that when a small hole requires a place for feeding animals, so you need to fence a lot more space. It is necessary for the entire diameter of the fence, which is better to perform from the grid of the chain-link or wave slate, to dig to a depth of one meter so that the rabbits could not dig and escape. Over the pit, you can make any roof in order to protect the rabbits from the rain.
One male rabbit and several rabbit, preferably of productive age, are placed in the pit, each breed has its own, but in most breeds it is reached at four months. The little rabbit will dig a hole in which he will raise his offspring. At the entrance to the holes, it is necessary to install dampers so that you can catch the rabbit, which, of course, brings some difficulties, but in general this method of keeping is less expensive.
Keeping rabbits indoors
The method of keeping rabbits on the premises is suitable for everyone and to some extent is not very expensive if there is a room. The only condition for maintenance is the absence of drafts, the roof and the floor covering, which can be made of concrete or wood. Wood fits, of course, best. The room is divided into several compartments, in which breeding individuals and young animals are kept separately from each other.
Breeding rabbits at home
Rabbits are famous for their fecundity, there is even an expression: “Fruit like rabbits” and this is no accident. In a female, at four months, puberty begins, and she is able to produce offspring at such an early age. Rabbits breed very well, females are able to produce offspring every month in an amount of from six to twelve, but on average there are about ten.
Pregnancy takes thirty days. On the third day after birth, the bunny is ready for mating. In one year the rabbit is able to produce offspring in the amount of from one hundred to one hundred and fifty pieces. Rabbits are weaned at the age of one month from the female. At this age, they are able to eat coarse feed by themselves.
Feeding rabbits at home
Rabbits are not picky about food; they feed mainly on roughage, such as hay, branches of fruit trees, willows, and grain - barley, oats, and corn. With great pleasure to eat root vegetables - carrots. potatoes, and more, as well as vegetables. The best solution would be to feed specialized feed, which is a huge amount on the market. In addition to cereals, the compound feed already contains minerals and vitamins necessary for the proper growth and development of rabbits. Wheat in feed to rabbits cannot be given, since the fermentation effect occurs when it enters the stomach and the rabbits die. It is forbidden to feed low-quality feed with traces of diaper rash and rotting to rabbits, which will lead to inevitable death.
What breed of rabbits to choose for breeding
Before you start breeding rabbits, it is necessary to choose the direction of activity in the rabbit breeding, as if raising rabbits for meat, skins or for the purpose of selling breeding livestock. Breeds of rabbits are very large variety ranging from meat breeds and ending with decorative breeds. Always thoroughbred thoroughbred rabbits are very highly valued by both breeders and amateurs. When choosing a breed, it is necessary to take into account all these conditions and pre-purchase a book with a description of a particular breed or read the information on our website.
Rabbit breeding as a business is one of the optimal types of profitable earnings, which, despite its long existence, in our years is only beginning to develop and reach a new level.
More information on the topic: http://hozyindachi.ru
Rabbit meat belongs to dietary products. It is very useful and easy to digest. Therefore, it can be used at any age.
Growing rabbits for meat is quite affordable both in personal subsidiary farming and on a large farm.
How to raise a rabbit for meat and reduce the cost of its breeding?
First you need to decide on the breed. Naturally, it is better to breed rabbit meat breeds for meat.
The most common meat breeds include:
- New Zealand White,
- New Zealand red,
- Riesen, or the German giant,
- french ram
- Soviet chinchilla,
- gray giant
- white giant
- European silver,
- Poltava silver.
New Zealand red
Weight is 4-6 kilograms, while females are larger than males. On average, in a litter of 8-9 rabbits. Toddlers are characterized by a rapid increase in weight.
Rabbits of this breed reach 7 kilograms of weight, and individual individuals reach 12-14 kilograms.
This breed was bred for a long time, but is still widespread. The weight of rabbits is 5.3-6.8 kilograms. Rabbit leads 7-8 rabbits, which are distinguished by precocity, grow very quickly and gain weight. At 3 months, baby rabbits reach a two-kilogram weight. Meat refers to medium quality. Together with the meat you can get large and very large skins.
Average weight - 4-5 pounds. They differ at the age of 3-4 months with high growth energy: the weight increases by 30-40 grams per day. At 3 months, baby rabbits weigh 2.7-3.4 kilograms, and in 5-4.2 kilograms. There are 8-10 babies in a litter. For the year from one female you can get 30-35 young individuals. The skin also has good qualities: their coat is thick and dense.
Representatives of the breed are becoming more and more famous every year. The average weight of rabbits is 4.5 kilograms. Often there are instances reaching 5.8-6.6 kilograms. Rabbit on average leads 8 rabbits with high precocity. At two months of age, they weigh 2 kilograms, and in three months - 3. European silver rabbit breeds are unpretentious, require a minimum of food, easily survive severe frosts. They have a calm character. The skin is characterized by thickness and softness.
They weigh on average 5-5.5 kilograms, in some cases 7-8 kilograms, and sometimes even 12 kilograms.
Rabbit meat breeds are different:
- precocity - rabbit slaughtered in 3.5-4 months,
- profitability - 3.5 pounds of feed are needed per 1 kg of weight gain,
- fertility - rabbit leads 7-9 rabbits
- early puberty - become mature at the age of 4 months,
- genetic adaptability to the floor of the grid - the soles are pubescent.
Keeping and breeding at home
Although rabbits belong to herbivores, one cannot get high-quality meat on grass alone. Therefore, for their feeding are required feed and grain. Beetroot, potatoes, carrots, cabbage will help to diversify the diet and provide animals with vitamins. To ensure the need of rabbits for calcium, chalk and meat and bone meal should be added to the feed. In order for the teeth of rabbits to grind, in branches should be placed branches and bark of trees.
A necessary condition for the breeding of rabbits is the constant availability of pure water.
Rabbits are allowed to mate at the age of 4-6 months with normal fatness: the weight of the females should be more than 2.5 kilograms.
The female’s lasts for 3-5 days every 8-9 days. Resumption of estrus after childbirth occurs on the 1-2th day: the rabbit can be immediately covered. For the year from adult females you can get 4-5 okrolov, and from young - 1-2. Rabbit should not be too thin, but you can not allow her to become obese. On 8 females usually leave one male. To increase the intensity of growth, females are crossed with males of other breeds. Humility lasts about a month. In one offspring the female brings from 6 to 18 rabbits.
Rabbits are slaughtered for meat if they have reached a weight of 2.8-3 kilograms at the age of 3-4 months. Further feeding of animals is unprofitable: they eat more feed and grow more slowly. In addition, the meat of young animals has a more delicate taste compared to the meat of adult animals.
Feeding, care and care for baby rabbits
Сукрольные и лактирующие крольчихи должны получать усиленный рацион питания: он должен на 10-15% превышать обычный рацион.
Известно 2 метода выращивания кроликов на мясо:
При обычном разведении крольчат отделяют от матери в возрасте 40-45 дней. Кормят их злаково-бобовыми травами, комбикормом и зерном. In winter, it is recommended to add cake or meal, boiled potatoes, bone meal to the diet. In the diet of rabbits grown for meat, concentrated feed should be 50-60% of the total feed.
When broiler growing the young are kept together with the female until slaughter at the age of 70-75 days. Sometimes broiler rabbits reach a weight of 1.8-2 kg at the age of 60 days. But this is possible if the females are distinguished by high milkiness, the breed of animals is precocious and the young individuals receive high-quality feeding, including granulated fodder, containing proteins. With this breeding, the female must be abundantly fed with expensive concentrated feed to prevent its “wear”. But it should be noted that broiler breeding impairs the quality of animal skins.
Growing rabbits for meat does not remove the need for humane rabbit care from the owner. In addition, if the animal develops in a comfortable environment, then the meat will be tastier and more tender.
Category: Rabbit Feeding, Rabbit Breeds, Breeding Rabbits Author: Anton Kozlov Tags: Rabbit Breeds, Rabbit Breeding, Rabbit Content
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Before you start breeding rabbits you need to decide for which purpose you will keep rabbits in your farm. This is necessary in order first of all to choose the right breed, or breed of rabbit, which will need to be purchased for successful breeding. For example, if the purpose of breeding rabbits is to get meat, then you must choose the meat breed of rabbits, but if you want to get valuable rabbit skins, then you need to stay on the skin breed of rabbits.
Starting breeding rabbits should not chase rare, exotic breeds. And at first, purebred rabbits should be dealt with and cross-breeding should be avoided, as if different breeds of rabbits are incorrectly crossed, the opposite result can be obtained. The maintenance of well-known local breeds is also beneficial because it is much easier to get the animals of these breeds, they are much cheaper, and the experience of the local breeders will not be superfluous. After you have decided what type of rabbit breeding you will be engaged in, you need to purchase rabbits of the breed you need. It is necessary to buy healthy, live, mobile rabbits, have all signs of breed necessary for you.
Care should be taken of the condition of the room for keeping rabbits. For keeping rabbits in the fresh air, it is necessary to take care of individual comfortable cages for keeping rabbits in these conditions. Cages for breeding rabbits should be equipped with two compartments - nesting and feeding. In the aft compartment, the floor should be made of mesh with cells should be approximately 20x20 mm. It is imperative that in the aft compartment on the floor there should be a small pallet on which the animals spend quite a lot of time and which ensures the prevention of the appearance of limb diseases in rabbits.
Cell models can be very diverse and are made from any material in your backyard.
It is best to place the cells in several tiers, one above the other, with a passage between them so that you can comfortably care for the rabbits. Be sure to note that lighting is very important for rabbits. On average, a light day for normal growth and development of rabbits should be 8-12 hours. But if you are going to grow rabbits for meat, then daylight can be slightly reduced. And one more thing you should think about before you start breeding rabbits is the food supply. If you do not take care of this in advance, the products of your rabbit farm may be too expensive and will not be competitive.
Tags: how to breed rabbits, care for rabbits
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How to grow rabbits for meat
Meat productivity of rabbits.The amount of meat produced per female of the main herd, cage or unit of consumed feed varies depending on the timing of the production of okolov, jigging and sales of young animals, as well as the release of the rabbits from the female to the time of sale. Table 8 shows approximate data on these indicators, defined for the most common options for obtaining okolov and implementation of the young.
When choosing the most appropriate option, it is necessary to take into account all the factors that may affect its economic efficiency, such as availability, quality and cost of feed, availability of cages, labor opportunities in different months of the year, quality of rabbits, personal experience, etc.
In the presence of free cells, it is advantageous to part of the best females, obtained in the first round, to start off in the first dressing at the age of 4.5 months. After caulking, these females are kept together with the offspring, and then sold. Young animals are left in the same cages, they grow to about 3 months of age and are sold for meat.
The use of young (one-time) females allows you to dramatically increase the yield of young stock per rabbit of the main herd. The cost of feed and labor per unit of the product obtained, compared with the production of okolas only from the main adult females, remains approximately the same, while the need for cells increases. The milkiness of young rabbits is unknown and often low, so no more than five to six rabbits are recommended to be left under one-time females. Young animals in this case can be implemented in the most favorable time without significant overexposure.
The need for cages per unit of product obtained is somewhat reduced if young females, obtained at the beginning of the year, will be crawled not once, but twice a year of their birth. The advantage of using young (single) females is significantly increased if, during the period of rearing, there are the most favorable conditions for providing rabbits with cheap food.
Growing rabbits for meat
When growing rabbits for meat, there is an intensive rearing for meat of young stock up to 110-115 days of age and the rearing of broiler rabbits.
In the first case, baby rabbits are deposited from mothers at the age of 45 days in small groups of uniform gender and age.
Pregnant and lactating females are fed at rates increased by 10-15% against normal. The diets of the seated young are reinforced every five days to avoid overfeeding the rabbits at the beginning and underfeeding at the end of the rearing.
When growing broiler rabbits, they are kept under females until the age of 60-75 days, and then sold for meat. Occur females on the 48-50th day after caul.
In the production of broiler rabbit from each female of the main herd receive four okrola per year, preferably in the following periods: in early January, late March, mid-June and the last in early September. Labor productivity at the same time increases by about 30%, the need for cells decreases by 30-40%.
The lack of broiler rabbits breeding is that the females of the main herd quickly fail. To replace the retired main females in each of the first three okrols, 10% of young females are allowed to grow, which are allowed into the first mating at the age of 4.5-5 months.
When growing rabbits for meat in both cases, no more than 6-7 rabbits are left under the female. It is advisable to apply industrial crossing of rabbits of different breeds.
Country breeding rabbits
The most accessible and effective way of raising rabbits is their content in the suburban areas. In a small area (up to 10 sq.m.) during the warm period of the year you can grow up to 50-60 animals. At the same time for feeding, you can use weeds from the site. In order to make the most of the available space, you need to install 2-3 tier cages (batteries), each of which must have an animal waste pan, a feeding trough, a water bowl and a bunker (nursery) for hay. They should be located in calm and quiet places. Approximate cell size: 60x100x55 cm. In the absence of suitable premises, the cells are placed outdoors. At the same time they make a canopy to protect from the sun and rain.
For starters, you can purchase 1 pregnant rabbit and 2 males. After 4 months, the offspring will be ready for mating. At one time, each female can bring 5-6 rabbits. Animals are purchased in late winter - early spring. To obtain the maximum amount of meat you can buy 3-4 female breeds such as the New Zealand white and red, Californian. At the same time males can be breeds Gray and White giant, Lop-eared ram. When crossing these breeds, fast-growing offspring is obtained, which ripens very quickly and gains weight (at the age of 3 months - up to 3.5 kg). In one summer season you can get up to 60 kg of meat. In the event that in the country there are suitable outbuildings in which you can put the cages, rabbits can be grown in winter. At the same time the temperature in the room should not fall below + 6 ° C.
In winter, animals need to provide additional lighting with LED lamps. With year-round breeding from one female get up to 30 rabbits. At the same time, 5-7 females should fall on 1 male. In the summer, mating is done in the morning and in the evening, and in winter - in the afternoon.
For feeding, juicy feeds are used, such as vegetables (except tomatoes), roots, fruits (except fruits containing grape acid), herbs, melons and coarse feeds (hay, dry leaves, twigs), concentrated feeds (bran, mixed feed, cereals and legumes (except peas, soybeans and beans), food waste). Also, the diet should include animal feed (fish oil, milk, bone meal), mineral supplements. You can not give animals such plants as celandine, radish, mustard, dope, buttercups, poisonous milestones, hemlock, henbane, chaff, because they are poisonous.
After the end of the molt, the rabbits (November) are fattened and prepared for slaughter. Before slaughter animals do not feed for 12 hours. To prevent various diseases of rabbits (mixamatosis, etc.), they need to be vaccinated in time. Cells should be regularly treated with special preparations to prevent the appearance of blood-sucking insects.
Growing rabbits in the garage
Who does not have a cottage or backyard can breed rabbits in the garage. Of course, this requires a fairly spacious garage, in which you can place several cells. Animals can be placed both in the room itself and in its basement. The place where the rabbits will be should not be cluttered, since foreign objects will impede cleaning. One of the main conditions for raising rabbits in the garage is the presence of forced ventilation. It should be borne in mind that the more animals there are, the stronger will be the smell from them. Garage breeding of rabbits provides moderate room lighting. To do this, you can install an LED lamp that runs from 12 V.
In the garage rabbits contained in cages with a lattice bottom. They are installed drinkers, feeders, hay bunker. For females you need to equip the breeding compartment. Hinged queen cells with nests that can be removed from the cage are very convenient. In the cages for young stock, it is necessary to provide 2 compartments, one of which is used for walking the animals, and the second - as a refuge.
In a brick or reinforced concrete garage animals can be grown all year round, and in metal only when there is no threat of overheating in the sun. In the cold season it may be necessary to heat the room (especially if there are small rabbits). In a room measuring 4x6 m with forced ventilation, you can simultaneously grow up to 20 rabbits.
As a rule, people who grow rabbits in the garage pay attention to animals 1-2 times a week. At this time, they remove the waste of rabbits, fill the drinkers, feeders and hay bin.
The countryside is the perfect place for rabbits.
The countryside is the best place for intensive rabbit breeding. In this case, you can not only raise animals on the plot, but also create whole rabbit farms. The benefit is not only in obtaining dietary meat, but also in the skins that can bring additional income to the rabbit breeder.
Breeds such as the White and Gray Giant, California, Belgian and German Giant (Risen), Chinchilla bring the maximum benefit. These rabbits are very large, and therefore their skins are valued more than others.
Cell batteries must be placed on a superficial foundation. They must be placed in a special way: from north to south - in length, the blind side - to the west, the front side of the cells - to the east. The dimensions of the frame of a 3-tier battery made of a bar with a section of 10x10 cm: width is 0.5 m, length is 6.5 m, the height of the back wall is 1.6 m, and the front wall is 1.8 m. The frame is divided by 5 cages in the size 0,5х0,7х0,5 m - for young animals and 1 cage, in the size 0,5х1х0,5 m - for the female. In places of contact of cells leave free intervals in 20 cm. In them nurseries feeders for juicy forages are mounted. The whole structure is sheathed with mesh, plywood or board. Any cells should have a walking room (0.5 x 0.5 m) and zakut. The front wall (door) attached to the base with hinges and the floor in the walking area are sheathed with welded or galvanized mesh (1.5x2 cm). Hopper feeders and drip troughs are attached to it. The roof of the cell battery is sloping (the angle of inclination is about 20 degrees). The best material for it is galvanized iron.
To obtain the maximum amount of meat, you can breed accelerated rabbits that live in special structures - mini-farms. These animals can be of different breeds. Their difference from ordinary rabbits lies in the technology of their cultivation for many generations. The minifarm takes about 6 sq.m. land plot. With all the passages, its area is 20 sq.m. In such homes, accelerators grow much faster, have tasty meat and high-quality fur. At the same time, accelerated rabbits require less feed. So up to 4 months (slaughter age), the animal eats only 11-12 kg of feed and 6-7 kg of hay. These animals have a strong immune system, so they can not be vaccinated. Accelerate rabbits have almost no odor, which allows them to grow on the backyard plot, without causing any discomfort to the neighbors.
Some villagers breed rabbits in specially dug pits.
This method is not welcomed by experts, since the total content of animals leads to uncontrolled crossing and the rapid spread of diseases. This method of cultivation is applicable only to medium-sized rocks.
For any breeds of rabbits, you can use this universal feed:
- oats, wheat - 30%,
- barley, corn - 30%,
- wheat bran - 15%,
- meal and cake - 15%,
- meat and bone and fish meal - 3%,
- premixes (at a rate of 1 kg of feed),
- salt - 1%.
In rural areas it is possible to independently harvest hay, which significantly reduces the cost of keeping rabbits. The most useful hay is obtained from alfalfa (rich in calcium and protein that promote growth). In the meadows you can harvest timothy grass, dandelion leaves, cereals, clover, sow thistle, yarrow, plantain, nettle. Fresh grass needs to be a little dry in the sun. Also in the villages it is possible to harvest enough sprigs of various trees, vegetables and root crops. The cost of feed in rural areas will be noticeably lower than in urban environments, so the rabbit breeding is more profitable there.
To improve the performance of animals in their diet add chalk and sprouted grains. In pure water, you can add special vitamins and probiotics that are beneficial to animal health and metabolism. In the presence of succulent feeds, the need for water in rabbits decreases slightly, and in winter and spring it increases. In winter, warm water is poured into the drinkers after each feeding.
Rubric: Breeding rabbits Author: Anton Kozlov Tags: Breeding rabbits, Content of rabbits
Breeding rabbits in the garage: features and characteristics.
Rabbit breeding is a fairly profitable industry and is used as a business building. The resulting diet fillet and durable fur are highly valued in the market. Animals rapidly increase their weight, while not requiring a lot of care when growing. You can keep them, both on the street and in the room. For those who do not have gardens or country houses, suitable breeding rabbits in the garage. This is a worthy alternative for city dwellers who want to try animal husbandry in the industry. But even such a low-cost method has its own nuances, without which, you should not expect a positive result.
Characteristics of the method of content
Интерес к разведению кроликов у фермеров связан с получением вкусного и нежного филе, которое обладает диетическими свойствами, а также ценного меха, который используется для пошива различных изделий и характеризуется своими износоустойчивыми качествами. Животные малотребовательны к условиям выращивания, но при этом отличаются своей высокой продуктивностью. Кроликов можно выращивать на улице в специально обустроенных загонах и в помещении, оборудовав его клетками. Their cultivation is allowed, both on large livestock farms, and in the conditions of a small garden site or garage. But when choosing any method of keeping, one should take into account the basic needs of animals, without which they will not be able to grow and multiply.
Tip! Growing rabbits in a garage is a convenient and low-cost way.
The economic manager is only required to think through the internal arrangement and prepare the cells. Experienced breeders recommend to equip the animal's residence in the garage so that it does not have to carry out daily cleaning. And the cages themselves should correspond to the size of comfortable living, the availability of food and water for rabbits, as well as their easy cleaning. Reinforced concrete or brick garage is more suitable for raising animals than metal, in which it becomes very hot in summer and cold in winter. The room should be removed from the various debris that will interfere with the breeding, as well as - spacious for the location of cells in several tiers.
Ventilation and heating systems
One of the important aspects of the arrangement of the garage, before breeding eared animals, is the ventilation system. In case of its absence, the smell of the products of vital activity of rabbits will accumulate and remain indoors, which is extremely harmful for the animals themselves, and unpleasant for the business executive. Therefore, it is possible to make forced-type ventilation using, for example, a duct fan with automatic on and off mode.
Electroconvector can be used as a source of heat, but as practice shows, this method of heating is considered costly, although quite convenient. They can only be connected on cold days to maintain a stable temperature. As a cheaper alternative, rabbit breeders use simple stoves that can be heated with wood.
For the full development of the body, animals need vitamin D, which they receive with the rays of the sun. As a rule, garages do not have windows through which light could reach the rabbits. Therefore, it is recommended to use ordinary LED lamps or special ones that create the effect of an artificial sun. Some business executives solve the problem of lack of vitamin D, by adding it to the main food in the form of specialized complexes. Many people advise to open the garage door during the warm time of the day, when making cleaning or other actions.
Equipment and location of cells
In order to accommodate a large population of rabbits in a small area, it is best to use the system developed by Zolotukhin. It assumes the location of the compartments in three tiers, and also differs in its device, which allows not to carry out the daily cleaning of excrements and debris.
Cells are best used with the bottom of the lattice. They are equipped with feeders and drinkers, as well as a special tank or bunker, where the hay is placed. For females, it is imperative to make a compartment where nests are established. It is easy to get hinged designs of the queen cell in order to see the condition of the rabbits. For young stock it is recommended to build two compartments: for walking and shelter.
Tip! There should be no chipping and gaps in the construction of cell tiers, since young rabbits are able to gnaw holes and fall into neighboring cells, where they are likely to be killed by adults.
Parts of wooden material, it is better to whiten or paint. For running off of feces it is necessary to provide a slope of approximately 70 mm. The walls in the garage where rabbit breeding is carried out, it is better to protect against the ingress of animal waste products. This can be done by wrapping them in a film, not forgetting to leave the vent.
Breeding rabbits is possible in different conditions, but you need to know their most important needs, choose the right breed and keep a decent care for animals. The garage is quite suitable for keeping eared animals, if properly equipped with all that is necessary for their life. In this case, you need some knowledge not only in the field of rabbits, but also about their genetic characteristics.
The disadvantages of growing rabbits in the basement
In addition to the advantages, there are several disadvantages of such breeding rabbits:
- The largest - rabbits are shrinking. This is due to the spontaneous fertilization of females, and because of the mating of related generations. In this case, the issue is solved by changing the male producer and trapping the other males using traps.
- You can not carry out breeding work. It is difficult to track with whom the rabbit mates.
- Rabbits become wild, they are afraid of the person who comes to feed them.
- Catching wild animals is very difficult, some of them can live in the burrow for a month.
Tip: So that the rabbits can remember when they will be fed, you can organize the training of animals using a whistle, a bell.
- Skins in males do not have a presentation. They fight and very often tear themselves out of a shred of wool. Therefore, they must be removed.
- Cleaning in the basement is quite laborious.
- To catch the desired rabbit will take a lot of time. Once the desired rabbit has been identified for slaughter, it is still necessary to catch it, which is not so simple and requires you to invent some devices for catching.
- Rabbits can cover the newly born rabbit, which may die due to the seal of the okrol.
- It is more difficult to vaccinate the right rabbits.
- Long term adaptation of rabbits to the basement.
How to breed rabbits, each owner chooses for himself.
Keeping rabbits in a barn - how to create the right conditions? + Video
A shed for rabbits is selected or built to meet the requirements for their conditions of detention. It should be different from the outbuildings intended for breeding and raising other domestic animals, even in their location. In a barn where all requirements are taken into account, rabbits will breed and grow healthy all year round.
First of all, we note that vaccinations do only healthy animals. Any suspicion of an ailment is a reason for isolating an individual. The sick animal is first treated and only then vaccinated.
Rabbits are susceptible to disease. To avoid problems in the future, animals need to be vaccinated, while strictly adhering to the veterinary vaccination schedule. In the first 3-4 days after purchase, it is recommended that antiparasitic treatment be carried out as prophylaxis.
When the rabbit is 28 days old, they are vaccinated against myxomatosis. Used live vaccine B-82. A repeat procedure is required at the age of 120 days.
When young animals turn 45 days old, vaccination against VGBK is required. Vaccination is repeated at 6 months.
What to feed
In the summer, fluffies need fresh greens. In winter, the animals feed on dry and green hay. They prefer spruce food. You can offer them conifers and hardwoods. In addition, the menu may contain branches of fruit trees.
Juicy food animals like fresh potatoes, carrots, legumes. In the diet should include organic supplements, silage, bran, granulated combined feed. Rabbits cannot be fed with tomatoes, red beets, mushrooms, garlic, cherries, plums, avocados, figs, seeds, fruit pits, nuts, dried apricots, sugar, chocolate, bread, cookies, oatmeal, dairy and dairy products, soy products, turnips , sorrel, as well as white and red cabbage.