Such a popular garden variety of tomatoes, like cherry tomatoes, hardly needs any special introduction. Vegetable lovers are well acquainted with baby fruits, resembling ripe berries in shape and size - hence the name (eng. “Cherry” - cherry). Miniature tomatoes, juicy, sweet, covered with dense elastic skin, are not inferior to the taste and benefit of their large counterparts, and in terms of decorativeness significantly exceed them. Professional cooks and ordinary housewives around the world gladly use cherry to decorate their cook masterpieces. Tomatoes, berries, canned with a whole bunch, look very unusual and beautiful. Among the fans of culture, there is a lot of those who prefer to feast on tasty fruits without any frills, just throwing them whole in their mouths (and this is really tasty!).
Crop cultivation in the open field is not much different from the rules of growing traditional large-fruited tomatoes, and there will be no problems with the choice of seed in the diversity of the modern market, so getting a good harvest of pretty tomatoes is just a matter of time and desire.
When to plant
To grow cherry tomatoes in the open ground can only be through seedlings, which begin to grow in late February - early March. Sowing dry seeds directly to the soil will not give good results: most of the fruits will not have time to form and ripen. More precisely, the date of commencement of work is determined on the basis of the climatic features of a particular area of cultivation, but from the time of sowing to planting seedlings on the bed should take at least 45-60 days.
The beds for cherry tomatoes are made on a bright, well-warmed and as protected as possible from drafts. Well, if last season in this area grew legumes, onions, carrots, cabbage, beets, turnips, radishes. The worst of the predecessors for cherry will be all related crops - tomatoes, potatoes, physalis, eggplants, peppers, since it will be possible to grow the nightshade in the same place only in 3-4 years.
Plot under the cherry is prepared very carefully. It is common for a culture to greatly deplete the soil, choosing all the nutrients from it. Since autumn, the plot has been dug up with organic matter (4–6 buckets of humus / m?), Potash and phosphate fertilizers (20 g / m?). In spring, beds are loosened to a depth of 10–12 cm with simultaneous introduction of nitrogen fertilizer (10 g / m?).
For sowing seeds of cherry seedlings, they take purchased universal soil or prepare the substrate independently from humus, washed sand and soddy soil (1: 0.5: 1). To increase the fertility, 50–60 g of superphosphate, 15–20 g of potassium sulfate, and 1.5–2 cups of wood ash are kneaded into each bucket of the mixture obtained. Regardless of whether the soil is prepared for seedlings at home or bought in a store, it should be well heated in a hot oven or steamed in a water bath so that future plants are not affected by the parasites and harmful microorganisms that live in the soil.
Cherry tomato seeds are sown in common seedling boxes or in separate glasses (plastic or peat compost) with a depth of at least 10 cm. The sowing technology is as follows:
- The soil, filled in the tank, thoroughly watered with warm water.
- Tomato seeds are laid out on the surface at intervals of 1.5 cm.
- Crops are sprinkled with a layer of soil 0.6–0.8 cm thick.
- The box is covered with foil or glass and kept in a dark place at a temperature of + 23–25 ° C until germination.
- After 5–7 days, when the first loops appear from the ground, the landing capacity is set on the illuminated window sill.
- In the first week, seedlings contain + 10–15 ° C at daytime temperatures, and at night they drop to + 8–10 ° C. At the end of their life, seedlings provide a stable temperature of about + 20 ° C and moderate weekly watering from a fine atomizer.
At the stage of formation of the second pair of true leaves, young bushes swoop in separate pots with a volume of about 0.5 l. With the advent of the fifth leaf, the plants are transferred to a new irrigation regime: they moisten the soil under them every 3–4 days. In order for a seedling to fully develop, it needs a long light day — 14–16 hours, for which it will be necessary for the seedlings to organize an artificial additional lighting.
In late April - early May, seedlings begin to accustom themselves to future growth conditions. Pots with plants are taken out to the garden or to the balcony for 10–15 minutes, each day increasing the residence time of seedlings in the open air.
Transplantation of seedlings in open ground
With proper care, the cherry bushes at the time of disembarkation have a thick, strong stalk 20–30 cm high, powerful roots and 3–4 pairs of true leaves. The procedure is carried out in warm wet weather:
- At a distance from the seedling, the necessary number of holes with a depth of a glass from under the seedlings is maintained at a distance, maintaining a distance of 35–40 cm between them. The recommended row spacing is 50–60 cm.
- In each well poured 1.5-2 liters of water heated to the sun and, without waiting for it to absorb, planted young plants.
- The stem of each seedling is compressed with moist soil.
Upon completion of transplantation, the soil under the plants is tamped and mulched with humus. Next to the saplings of tall varieties, they are driven in by a support peg. In addition, in case of unexpected cold weather over the garden, it will be useful to install several metal arcs and leave nonwoven material nearby in order to quickly cover the plantings in the frost.
Watering cherry tomatoes
Timely watering is very important for small-fruited tomatoes, but it must be balanced. They do not like long-term drying of the soil - the fruits are immediately covered with a grid of small brown cracks. Waterlogging leads to the fact that the fruits become watery, fresh and begin to burst, and the bushes become ill.
It is recommended to moisten the soil in the evening or on a cloudy day before loosening the soil, spending up to 8–10 l of water for each bush.
Growing cherry tomatoes in the open field involves fertilizing three times per season:
- After 10–15 days after planting, the tomatoes are fed with a solution of mullein (1:10) with the addition of superphosphate (20 g / 10 l). Under each plant poured into 1 l of the nutrient mixture.
- Subsequent procedures are carried out with a two-week break - mineral fertilizers are scattered under plantings (20–25 g of superphosphate, 10–15 g of potassium salt, 8–10 g of ammonium nitrate for each m?). The granules are buried in the ground, after which the bed is watered abundantly.
In addition, tomatoes, as necessary, sprayed with solutions of complex fertilizers.
Forming a bush
When growing cherry, do not forget about the formation of the bush. Many hybrids do not need this (there is information on the bag with seeds), but for the rest, the procedure is obligatory and is one of the main factors of abundant fruiting. In the open field, cherry bushes are recommended to grow in one stem, regularly plucking stepchildren (side shoots). Neglect of the formation of a bush is fraught with a rapid increase in lush leaf mass to the detriment of the formation of ovaries.
Protection against diseases and pests
Like other varieties of culture, cherry tomatoes are extremely susceptible to fungal infections, the development of which is promoted by adverse weather conditions, systematic violations of the irrigation regime, and high ambient humidity. The most common planting affect diseases such as late blight, verticillosis, rot and spotting. At the first symptoms, the bushes are sprayed with fungicidal solutions.
We have to deal with pests. On tomato bushes they prefer to parasitize thrips, scoops, wireworms, slugs, aphid. In the fight against insects, it is preferable to use time-tested tools at hand - garlic, wormwood and onion infusions, a soap solution.
Cherry tomato varieties
There are a lot of promising hybrids of cherry tomatoes. Of the most interesting varieties for open ground will suit the following:
- Busiki, Sangella, Cherry Red, Bonsai, Punto (red),
- Lemon, Honey drop, Slice of melon, Golden rain (yellow),
- Amber, Orange Grapes, Midday (Orange),
- White cherry, white currant (cream).
Gardeners wishing to grow truly unusual fruits should pay attention to varieties such as Chocolate pearls (brown), Black Cherry (dark purple), Pink quartz (pale pink).
It is recommended to remove cherry tomatoes from the bush at the stage of biological ripeness - so they will be sweeter and tastier. Maturing at home, they seriously lose their taste. It is necessary to finish harvesting before night temperatures drop to + 8 ° C. Later, the fruits begin to turn black and rot. By the way, before the arrival of cold weather, you can dig up some tall bushes with unripe tomatoes and, by transplanting them into flower pots, settle on a home window sill, where they will continue to bear fruit.
Useful properties of cherry tomatoes
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What are the beneficial properties of cherry tomatoes? It is important to note that the number of beneficial microelements in small fruits is much higher than that of large tomatoes. Cherry contains a higher level of vitamin C. In addition, the benefits of small tomatoes are that they contain B vitamins, as well as A, K and E.
There are also macronutrients:
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Vegetables contain less sugar than large tomatoes. The average level of sugar is 8.5-12.8 grams per 100 grams of vegetables.
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The amount of proteins in cherry tomatoes - 0.8 grams, and fat - 0.1 grams.
Carbohydrates in vegetables a little - 2.8 grams per 100 grams of pulp.
Despite the fact that cherry tomatoes are high in sugar, vegetables are dietary products. Thus, the average calorie cherry 15 kcal per 100 grams.
Dangerous properties of cherry tomatoes
It is forbidden to use large quantities of tomatoes to people with peptic ulcer. Optimally, you can eat about 100 grams of cherry.
People who have problems with metabolism, should also carefully use this product.
People who are prone to an allergic reaction to red fruits should also stop eating these vegetables.
Cherry Tomato Description
Cherry F1 - garden variety of culture. The average weight of the fruit varies from 10 to 30 grams. Tomatoes are often used for the preparation of various salads, as well as for winter harvesting. In addition, there are special varieties of cherry, which can be dried for the winter.
The name in translation from English cherry means - cherry. Tastes of tomato and cherry are not similar in this case, it completely resembles an ordinary tomato, such as a Lyubash tomato. What matters is the appearance of the fruit, which is similar to cherry.
The variety of tomatoes, regardless of the small size of the fruit is tall. Brushes can be several meters long. Often the brush reaches a length of 1 meter, and tomatoes are already tied on it. On one brush can be formed 20 fruits.
Common forms of cherry fruit:
The color range of small tomatoes is varied:
Fans of such a culture can grow it not only in the greenhouse or open ground, but also on the windowsill.
Since the plant is tall, you need a strong support. Often, a long stick will work as a support. For convenience and beauty plants are planted in pots.
Tip! If you plan to grow tomatoes on the windowsill, then you need to choose varieties that have small bushes with a height of 40 centimeters.
Varieties for open ground
- Honey drop - pear-shaped cultivar with yellow fruits,
- Black cherry - quite rare variety of cherry, often compared with fruit,
- Beads - high-yielding variety with sweet fruits. Tomatoes with a diameter of not more than 1 centimeter,
- White currant - delicious round tomatoes with cream color,
- Cherry variety - round vegetables with dark red fruits,
- Red / Yellow Cherry - an early ripe grade which is suitable for greenhouse cultivation.
Tomatoes that can be grown on the balcony:
- Lycopa - dark red tomatoes with thin skin. The fruits resemble the shape of a plum,
- Minibel - tomatoes unpretentious in care,
- Myo - small fruits resembling an ordinary tomato,
- Balcony miracle - Tomatoes with a compact bush form,
- Kira - variety of tomatoes that resemble fruit,
- Liza - variety with elongated fruits of yellow-orange color.
Varieties that can be grown in hanging baskets:
- Garden Pearl - Tomatoes with low-growing bushes. The variety does not need to be staved,
- Cheripalchiki - Tomatoes with an elongated fruit and juicy pulp. Plants do not need to be staved,
- City dweller - Tomatoes with low branching.
Yellow date F1
This variety belongs to mid-late species. The plant grows quite high - 1.5 m, but the number of leaves on the bush is small. The fruits are arranged on the plant in bunches, which gives a special effect. On average, about 15 tomatoes can be harvested from one bush. Each brush gives 6-8 fruits.
However, this variety was particularly popular not because of its appearance. Based on the name, it can be concluded that the fruits have an unusual yellow color, and taste like dates. This variety is much sweeter than ordinary types of cherry. Yellow dates also have a high yield, and tomatoes can tolerate long-term transportation.
You need to grow a variety of seedlings. Sowing seeds should be made around March. Seeds are planted at a depth of about 2 cm. The optimum temperature for the emergence of shoots is 22-25 ° C. As soon as the first leaf appears at the seedlings, it is necessary to carry out a picking. Around May, seedlings need to be planted in a greenhouse, and then, depending on weather conditions, in June to replant to a permanent place in the open ground.
Fruits ripen about 100 days after sowing. On the leaves of plants a little, the fruits grow a cylindrical yellow-orange color. Cherry has a dense peel and therefore can be stored for a long time and are excellent for preservation.
Golden Finger tomatoes are resistant to many diseases, for example:
- Late blight,
- Tobacco mosaic virus.
Fruit ripening occurs almost simultaneously. On tassels, tomatoes hold tight and do not spoil.
The variety is very similar to tomatoes Golden Fingers. The plant can grow to 1.8 m. Tomatoes grow elongated, with a shiny red-pink skin. Vegetables grow in clusters of 14-16 pieces. Vegetables are stored for a long time and are not damaged during transportation. The variety is resistant to canning, tomatoes do not lose their shape after thermal processing.
Important! The variety is not afraid of cladioporosis and is resistant to fusarium wilt.
Features of growing and care
Cherry growing technology does not have much difference from the cultivation technology of large tomatoes. However, there are a number of exceptions that must be considered when planting:
- It is necessary to grow cherry only with the help of seedlings,
- Seeds are sown in containers in late February - early March,
- Seedlings should be transplanted in April or early May,
- Planting seedlings on a permanent place is made exclusively in warm weather.
- The optimal landing scheme 50 * 50. On one square. meter should grow no more than 4 bushes.
- The pinching process is carried out as needed.
Tall plants, as a rule, are formed in 1 or 2 stems, one of which is produced from the 1st stepchild.
The remaining branches should be left if they do not create a load on the bush. For example, if there are many brushes with fruits on the main stems, the stepsons should be removed. If the fruit on the main branches is not enough, then part of the stepsons can be left.
Important! Low-growing varieties do not need to be staked. It is necessary to remove all the leaves and shoots to the main bunch with tomatoes.
Exclusively all plant varieties need tying the stems to the spire, since the length of the bunch together with the fruit can reach up to 1 meter. Under the weight of tomatoes, the trunk of a plant can break, and fixing the bush will allow it to be avoided.
Tear off the fruit from the bush only after full ripening. Tomatoes in a semi-ripe state may lose their taste.
It is necessary to water plants every day. If the tomatoes do not get the proper level of moisture, the integrity of the peel may be affected.
The period of fruiting plants is quite long, so, for example, in a greenhouse conditions cherry can be grown until the New Year holidays.
Diseases and control of them
Many varieties of cherry are not afraid of the process of rotting and fungal infections. The main threat to plants is phytophthora.
To avoid infection, prevention is carried out immediately after the plants have been planted in a permanent place. Every two weeks the bushes should be treated with fungicides.
Important! A month before harvesting it is forbidden to spray plants with any preparations! You can fight the disease manually. Leaves that are infected with blight should be cut off.
It is worth noting that the variety of cherry varieties is wide.If you wish, you can see the other species. A wide range of specialized shops are. Beginners should refer to the advice of experienced gardeners and breeders proposed in our articles. Also read the reviews of those who have already grown certain varieties of tomatoes. And see the photo and video material on the cultivation of cherry tomatoes.
Watch the video! How to grow cherry tomatoes. Cultivation secrets
For tall varieties vertical support required, which is tied to the whip as it grows. Masking is done if many additional shoots grow. Some varieties need it without fail.
Like all tomatoes, cherry love airing, it helps to pollinate and prevents undesirable microorganisms from stagnating to moist air.
Watering and feeding
Cherry tomatoes love daily moderate watering. If this is not done, brown cracks will appear on the fruit. As a result of over-irrigation, they will become watery and may also crack. Watering is done with warm water.
Tomatoes love complex mineral dressing containing not only phosphorus and potassium, but also modibden, zinc, iron, magran, selenium and cobalt. It is difficult to make such a mixture on your own.
On sale there is a wide range of such fertilizers. The most commonly used is Agricola and Effecton. Experts recommend a mixture Kemiraas the most balanced in composition.
Tomatoes feed once a week after transplanting to the ground. In the period of formation of the ovaries, an additional feed of ammonium nitrate is added with the addition of wood ash.
Top dressing necessarily combined with watering.
Work with soil
Soil under cherry bushes preferably mulch sawdust, straw, manure or agropolotnom. This will prevent the contact of the fruit with the ground and help to avoid rotting and infection of fungal diseases. In addition, it will prevent the soil from overheating.
Often gardeners use simple techniques to prevent diseases of tomatoes. They are grown in metal buckets, which do not like different pests. Buckets can be dug into the ground, or just put on the garden or in the greenhouse.
Ripening and harvesting
The ripening time of cherry tomatoes depends on the ripeness of the variety. They are able to bear fruit until the temperature drops below 8 °. Usually the fruits are removed until the end of September.
Cherries are loved by gardeners for the fact that their fruits ripen almost simultaneously and have the same size. It is not recommended to remove tomatoes from the brush until the last one ripens.. The most convenient way is to collect tomatoes with brushes.
Previously, in restaurants, cherry tomatoes were used exclusively to decorate dishes. Today, no one disputes the benefits and excellent taste of these tomatoes. The content of nutrients makes cherry dietary product. It still serves as decoration and an integral part of many salads and main courses. Very tasty in whole canning.
Sowing on seedlings
Seedlings in the middle lane sowed in late March. Except one bush. For the sake of experiment, he sowed 2 weeks earlier - on March 13. Looking ahead, I will say that the first tomato blushed on July 15 on this very, first-sown bush. But the tomatoes, sown later, began to blush after about 5 days. Therefore, I recorded for myself that the end of March is the beginning of April, but it is still preferable for tomato seedlings, compared to the beginning of March. The April seedlings are stronger, and not so elongated, because the sun is getting bigger by April.
Dived without waiting for the first sheet, as recommended by the manufacturer, but immediately after the cotyledons appeared. It is difficult to say what it was for me, but during the winter I missed garden affairs so much that I simply itched my hands to do something. Therefore, all my energy went to freshly sprung tomatoes.
Landing in open ground
He landed in open ground on May 1. All the neighbors in the garden convinced me that it was insanely early, that the seedlings could be killed by frost, that they should be sheltered, but natural laziness took over, and the young seedlings did not hide from the first day to the last. I do not know - I was lucky, or everyone was afraid of nothing - but the seedlings did not kill. Moreover, once in the open air and in full sun, it is very strong.
I didn’t conduct any dances with a tambourine around the seedlings, didn’t cook and donate anything — I just dug a hole, poured it with water, and the seedling passed through the cups, trying not to damage the root system. When the tomato fell into place, I piled it with not watered earth and compacted the soil around it so that the bush stood straight. Due to the fact that the plant was flooded with dry earth, no crust was formed from above, and the moisture that was inside the roots was enough for the plant. This freed me from further loosening. Nearby she immediately put a peg, to which she planned to tie adult plants.
About a week later, I tied the bushes for the first time. I use jute strings for this. When it comes time to pull the bushes, such strings are easily torn.
The first harvest.
The fruits ripened unevenly, starting from the top. Those tomatoes that turned red in the bushes, tasted sweet and fragrant. On August 15, fearing phytophtoras, I reaped the whole crop, including not ripened, and left it to ripen with the rest of the tomatoes in a dry, warm room.
Those fruits that ripen in this way taste much more sour than they have ripened in the sun. Therefore, I use them for blanks - marina or freeze, pre-grinding the blender. This preparation is then very convenient to use for soups and sauces.
And pickled cherries turned out to be a breathtaking snack, and, perhaps, they were prescribed for a long time on our table.
In general, a plant for planting in open ground is recommended. Caring for him is minimal - pasynkovanie and infrequent watering. By the way, I watered them only a couple of times over the summer, and used the broken stepsons as mulch - so that the grass did not grow.
Description of cherry tomatoes, which varieties are suitable for open ground
Cherry tomatoes are one of the many varieties of tomatoes whose fruits are small and externally similar to cherries., hence the name of these tomatoes.However, even among the cherry trees there are also giants, the size of which can be compared with the size of a golf ball.
Just like regular tomatoes, cherry trees belong to the family of Solanaceae, the shape of the fruit can vary from spherical to slightly elongated.
As a rule, cherries have a red color of fruits, but there are also varieties with a yellow, black and even green color of fruits.
Most often, a cherry tomato is used as a snack, salads are prepared from it, canned, and some varieties can be reserved for the future, drying.
Cultivation of cherry tomatoes actually does not differ from cultivation of habitual tomatoes, therefore they can also be planted both in closed and open ground.
In addition, the long-term work of geneticists and breeders has provided consumers with a choice of growing methods: determinant (short) or indeterminate (tall). Consider what are cherry tomatoes and their best varieties for open ground.
Of the undersized varieties of cherry the most attractive for open ground are the following:
- "Salute". The bush grows no more than 80 cm in height. This cherry tomato produces about 300 buds, blooming gradually one after the other. The fruit is yellow, and its weight is about 20 g.
- "Arctic". The height of the bush, generously sprinkled with small raspberry fruits, is up to 40 cm. It is unpretentious to care, the fruits ripen in about 80 days. This cherry tomato is stunted and best for open field.
- "Arbat". The height of the bush can reach 1 meter, early maturing (105 days). Fruits are cylindrical in shape and red in color, by weight can be up to 100 g. Few are susceptible to fungal diseases.
From tall cherries, that is, those that require mandatory garters to supports, to prevent the breaking of brushes, the following varieties should be distinguished:
- "Red cherry". Tall bush covered with bright fruits weighing up to 35 g. The yield can be up to 3 kg per plant. It matures in about 100 days.
- "Dessert". Early cherry tomatoes are tall, ripening for 100 days. Fruit weight not more than 20 g, but their taste and high yield attract many gardeners. Required binding to the support.
- "Sweet Cherry". One of the popular hybrids that ripen quickly and bear fruit for a long time. The height of the bush can reach 4 meters. Fruits are red in color, comparable in size to the size of a tennis ball. Possess excellent taste.
When buying seeds, look carefully at the packaging of cherry tomatoes, the characteristics and description of the variety of which, as a rule, are indicated there.
Features of cultivation of cherry tomatoesIn order to obtain a high yield of cherry tomatoes, they must be grown in a seedling manner, and then planted in open ground.
Therefore, we consider how to grow tomatoes in the open field and what is needed for this.
Ground RequirementsTomato is very responsive to well fertilized fertile soils with a neutral indicator of soil acidity.
For a seedling method of growing cherry tomatoes, you can buy a universal soil that is sold in any specialty store, or you can take ordinary black soil and add a little river sand to it.
The timing of planting and seed preparation
If you plan to plant a cherry at the cottage through seedlings, which is a more acceptable method, then you need to plant in the ground with hardened seedlings, on which 4-6 true sheets have already been formed.
But the preparation of tomato seedlings should be started in March, sowing full-weighted seeds in shallow grooves made in a prepared tray with soil.If it is planned to sow cherry tomatoes directly in open ground, then it is necessary to wait until the average air temperature will not be lower than 20 ° С, and the soil will warm to 15 ° С. It will be around mid-April-May.
Seeds one day before sowing can be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, holding them in it for 5-10 minutes, and then dried well. This will prevent the development of diseases with the simultaneous growth of the plant.
Features care for cherry tomatoes in the open field
Since tomatoes can be sown both directly in the ground (this is called direct sowing) and through seedlings, the care for them is different. Sowing cherry tomatoes, which are planned to be grown and maintained by the seedling method, should be carried out such procedures as picking up seedlings into cups or small pots, hardening plants and planting seedlings in open ground. Direct sowing implies direct sowing of seeds in well heated and prepared soil. Just as in the case of seedlings, in prepared, fertilized soil they make shallow grooves, pour them with water and wait for full absorption. Then they sow the seeds of cherry tomatoes, fall asleep with a small layer of earth, trample and water the rows a little again.
How to care for seedlings
Grown seedlings require quenching, so that when they are transplanted into open ground, it is faster, as they say, “ill”. To do this, after the appearance of 3-4 leafs present trays with seedlings are carried out on the street and put in a place protected from the wind and the scorching rays of the sun.
On the first day, seedlings can be left on the street for a while from 15 to 30 minutes, and the next day you can stand for about an hour. This is done daily, and you will see that the color of the stem of the plant from pale pink will turn into dark purple. This must be done before transferring cherry tomatoes for cultivation in the open field, otherwise they will not take root and die.
Rules for the care of cherry tomatoes in the open field
Before planting cherry tomato seedlings in a permanent place, prepare the plot in advance: loosen the soil, remove the weeds. Make the holes at least 10 cm deep, for overgrown seedlings make the hole wider to fit the seedlings in it. Carefully free the shrub from the pot, taking care not to damage the roots, and put a hole in the hole with a clod of earth, pressing it in slightly. Pour water, cover with earth and trample around the plant. In less than two weeks, you can feed the cherry tomatoes with complex fertilizer with a lower nitrogen content.
If there was direct sowing (about how to grow tomato seedlings in the ground, it is written a little higher), then the care of cherry tomatoes consists also in loosening the soil, freeing it from weeds and occasional watering if necessary. When the plants grow up and form 5-6 true leaves, you need to remove the weak and excess shoots, carefully pulling them out of the ground. Healthy sprouts can be transplanted to a new place.
With any method of sowing on grown plants of tomatoes, if necessary, you need to hold cradle - removal of accessory sprouts formed in the leaf axils (between the leaf and the stem of the plant).
Also need to take care of the props.
The height of the supports for indeterminate plants should be at least 2 meters, for determinantal cherries it should be half shorter.
The props can be any long stick, flat dry branches, which are found in your farm.
You need to tie up the plants as they grow.
Major diseases and pests of tomatoes
Even the most well-groomed crops of tomatoes can be affected by pests and diseases. Consider the most common diseases.
- Tomato Mosaic manifested in the form of a change in the color of the leaves, the appearance of dark green or yellow spots on them. The leaves become wrinkled and can curl, and the fruits turn yellow and dry out. There is a general weakness of the plant. Required to remove and burn diseased bushes.
- Late blight affects most of the tomato plants. A sign of this disease - brown spots, located under the skin of the fruit. The leaves of the same diseased plants are covered with whitish raids from below. The control method is any fungicide of the corresponding action.
- Brown spot Tomatoes appear as brown spots on the leaves below, covered with a grayish bloom. The main method of struggle is the obligatory and careful harvesting of the plant residues of tomatoes.
- Cracking fruit observed with excess moisture. The method of struggle - reducing the number of irrigations and loosening the soil.
- Medvedka. This pest makes deep moves in the soil, gnaws the base of the stem of a tomato, causing it to fade and die. Among the control measures can be called tillage drug "Thunder".
- Wireworms damage the roots of plants and can climb inside the stems of tomatoes, which leads to wilting and death of the plant. To combat the wireworms, it is necessary to collect and destroy all the larvae of the pest when digging up the earth. On acid soils, liming can be performed.
- Colorado beetle lays orange eggs on the bottom of the leaves. Subsequently, the hatched larvae gnaw leaves up to the stem of the plant. The control method: manual pest collection and destruction, as well as treatment with Prestige.
- Slugs most often appear on overmoistened soils and in thickened crops of tomatoes, eating leaves on plants and penetrating inside the fruits of tomatoes.
Cherry Tomatoes: Harvesting
Harvesting cherry tomatoes is a rather laborious process.Since it is necessary to start from the time of ripening of the first fruits, then it is necessary to periodically continue at least 1-2 times a week until the very end of the growing season.
The delay in harvesting will cause the fruits to crumble when touched.
Therefore, harvesting cherry tomatoes must be timely and carefully.
With cherry tomatoes, your dishes will become more varied, and you will also want to plant cherry next year.