General information

Medunitsa: planting medunka and care, types


Medunitsya refers to a group of undersized flowers. Plant height does not exceed 30 centimeters. The trunk is dense, abundantly covered with fine fibers. The root system is well developed. Two types of leafy plates. The lower ones are green with light patches, and the upper ones are monochromatic. Plates are sessile. On both sides they are covered with villi. The flowers of the medunitsa are purple, crimson or blue. It all depends on the type of plant. At the end of flowering, in the place of buds, fruits form in the form of single seeds. Externally, the grain is very similar to beans.

This plant has a large amount of nectar. Such a feature attracts bees. It should also be noted that lungwort can be used to make salads. The leaves of this plant are especially famous in the UK. They gained immense popularity due to the presence of useful trace elements that are necessary for the proper development of the body.

Lunaria is a plant whose seeds are spread by ants. This is what causes the appearance of this type of flower in the most unexpected places.

Plant rich in:

  • tannins
  • saponins,
  • tanning components
  • acids (silicic, ascorbic),
  • rutin
  • wax,
  • flavonoids,
  • iron,
  • copper.

The homeland of this species is the land of Western and Eastern Europe. Some of them can be found in Asia and Siberia. Medunitsa appears in early spring, almost immediately after the snow melts. The plant develops well in the shadows and partial shade. To flower for a long time pleased with its flowering, it is enough to follow the basic rules of care.

Description of the sugar loin

In nature, there are about 70 species of this plant species. But among such a large number, only a few grow in our area.

One of the most popular varieties is Sugar Locket Sugar. The plant grows in the forests of Italy and France. It is a perennial that has large oval-shaped leaves. In an adult plant, they can grow up to 27 centimeters long and about 10 centimeters wide. The color of the leaves is dark green with silvery patches.

Flowers funnel-shaped. All of them are collected in inflorescences. A feature of this species is the shade of the buds. The flowering period can last about 30 days. Plant care is very simple. For the flower to please everyone around, you do not need to have special skills.

Most popular subspecies:

  • Mrs. Moon (graceful leaves and buds of a purple-red hue),
  • Dora Barnsfield (this is the fastest growing variety that has light pink flowers),
  • Argenta Group (the leaves are almost completely covered with silver spots, and the flowers are saturated with purple),
  • Silverado (features are silver leaves with a rich green border),
  • Opal (a distinctive feature of the Opal medunitsa are bluish leaves, on one stalk buds of different shades can be observed, but mostly they are white).

There are also other varieties that are bred by Western breeders. They differ not only in their appearance, but also in the rules of care.

Feature of the Red and Majestic Medunitsa

Medunitsa Red prefers to grow on higher ground. The main habitat is the land of Bulgaria, Hungary and Albania. Often a shrub is used as a groundcover herb. The flowering period falls on May and lasts for 30 days. The buds have a rich red color.

Red Medunitsa has long rhizomes that can grow very quickly. Leaves of a light green shade. Their length can reach 15 centimeters. All plates are abundantly covered with small setae.

Variegated varieties of lungwort have abundant blooms that can last for several months.

Medunitsa Majestic is the most popular variety. The plant is very difficult to lash with other species. Differs flower light green leaves, which closer to the summer acquire a golden hue. Flowers are pink at first, but eventually turn blue. The plant is resistant to various weather conditions. Bushes do an excellent job with low temperatures and winter well.

Majestic is the most unpretentious flower that can grow well even in the shade. With proper care, the flower is able to reach 30 centimeters tall, and in diameter up to half a meter. The first buds can be observed in May.

Description of the leopard and mrs. Kittle

This is an attractive perennial plant, which is a subspecies of Sugar Lochnitsa. The height of the flower can vary from 15 to 30 centimeters. The width of the bush reaches about 35 centimeters.

Medunits Leopard is covered with two types of hardwood plates. Basal quite large. They can grow up to 27 centimeters long. The width of the lower plates is 10 cm. Basal plates are elliptical in shape. They are mounted on long petioles of a dark green shade. Stem leaves - sessile. They grow small in size. The color of the upper plates is bright green with bright spots.

The flowers of the Leopard medunitsa, like other varieties, are funnel-shaped. All of them are collected in racemes. On one plant can meet buds of different shades. Often they get from pink to purple hues.

The flowering period of this species in May. Fruits, in the form of seeds, ripen in late July. Ripe grains fall into 4 parts, from which young plants grow.

Mrs. Kittle's Medunica is a hybrid species. Height of an adult plant reaches 35 centimeters.

Flowers can be from light pink to lavender. Hardwood plates are long. They acquire a dark green color with silvery specks.

Lunaria - description, landing and care

The leaves of the garden medunitsy acquired a decorative look and differ in variety of patterns. They can be speckled, speckled, dotted, etc. Also, experts have achieved an extension of the flowering period to 30 days. The color and size of the inflorescences also changed for the better. But like her forest "sister", the garden lungbox is still a chic, perennial honey plant.

In nature, there are about 15 species of lungfish and another 20 bred by breeders as an ornamental garden plant. The people of the flower has many names, one of which is Pulmonaria - which means "light". It is the ability to treat pulmonary diseases that made the plant so popular.

Characteristics of a medunitsa:

  • The height of the plant, as a rule, is not more than 50 cm, although there are also specimens whose stem length reaches 80 cm.
  • Rhizome long, with small tubers.
  • The leaves are lanceolate-wedge-shaped, most of them with down.
  • The structure of flowers is different: some have short pistils and long stamens, others have the opposite. This prevents self-pollination.
  • Flowers located at the very tops are always paired.
  • The fruit of the plant is a sickle-seed single bean.

And what is most interesting - on one stalk and in one inflorescence can be located flowers of different tones and shades: from dark purple to pale pink. This is explained by the fact that the plant contains anthocyanins (plant pigments) responsible for the color of the petals. Since the acidity of young flowers is high - their petals have a delicate pink color, and the low acidity of mature flowers gives them a dark purple or blue tint.

This is what led scientists to work on the creation of modern plant varieties suitable for growing in flower beds, in flower beds and gardens. After all, lungwort growing in deciduous and coniferous forests of Europe and Asia is not suitable for cultivation in cultural conditions, since these flowers prefer moist sandy or loamy soil.

The ideal option for garden medunitsy is loose, weakly acidic soil with a high content of humus.

Medicinal properties

On the healing properties of plants are legendary. It is known that Paracelsus - the famous doctor of antiquity, used lungfish as a therapeutic agent for pulmonary diseases. Hildegarde Bingentskaya, who lived in the 11th century, was one of the first to use the plant. for the treatment of pulmonary diseases.

Due to the various microelements that make up the lungwort, the plant has been successfully used to regulate the activity of the endocrine glands, stop bleeding and increase the formation of blood cells. The presence in the composition of the herb tannins explains its anti-inflammatory and astringent properties. Infusion plants are also used for stones in the bladder and kidneys, bloody urine and as a diuretic (for inflammation of the kidneys).

Infusions and decoctions of plants have anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties, have wound healing and antitussive action. The leaf of the medunitsa, attached to the cut, contributes to its rapid healing, showing even greater efficiency than when using plantain or kalanchoe.

As a therapeutic material, all parts of the plant are used: leaves, roots and buds. Dry the raw material at a temperature not higher than 40 ° C in a well-ventilated area and store in tissue or paper bags, previously crushed.

Infusion of herbs widely used in the treatment of the following diseases:

  • laryngitis,
  • pleurisy,
  • bronchial asthma,
  • bronchitis,
  • cardiovascular diseases,
  • uterine bleeding,
  • tuberculosis,
  • bronchitis,
  • thrombophlebitis,
  • BPH,
  • thyroid disease,
  • anorexia,
  • pneumonia,
  • anemia,
  • kidney disease
  • inflammation of the bladder,
  • dysentery,
  • hemorrhoids,
  • purulent wounds, ulcers, boils.

To prepare the infusion, you must take 1,5-2 Art. l chopped dry grass and pour boiling water (2 tbsp), insist 2 hours, strain. To accept 3 times a day in 20 - 30 minutes prior to food on 0,5 glasses.

For rinsing, baths, washings and lotions use an infusion of greater concentration (4 tablespoons. Herbs / 2 tablespoons boiling water).

Lungwort juice used as an antiseptic for injuries. For the speedy healing of pustular wounds, it is necessary to chop the leaves and apply the resulting gruel to the wound.

Regardless of the duration of the use of medunitsa as a therapeutic agent, no side effects were noted.

In the treatment of lung diseases, the plant is recommended to be used with infusions of herbs that strengthen the immune system: action, wild rose, black elderberry syrup, Echinacea purpurea, clover, needles, currants, etc.

To medicinal species of lungfish include the following:

  • lung sugar,
  • red
  • long-leaved,
  • the softest
  • unclear
  • medicinal,
  • soft

Although all these varieties have different properties and have a different effect on the body, they are called one phrase: medunitsa medicinal.

If you are a beginner gardener, and in the garden there are too many areas sheltered from the sun, which you can’t adequately decorate with whimsical shade-tolerant plants, then a medunitsa will be perfect for you. Planting and caring for this undemanding plant does not require any special knowledge or rich gardening experience.

Medunitsa come from the Eurasian continent, in natural conditions it grows in forest shade and partial shade under trees and shrubs. This plant retains a spectacular appearance not only during flowering, but the entire vegetative period. In early spring, decorativeness is achieved thanks to delicate inflorescences of bluebells, changing their color from bright pink to dark blue, and sometimes almost purple. And the rest of the season up to the moment when it hides under the snow cover, the lungfish decorates the garden with its large, variously colored leaves that are not afraid of frost and depending on the variety may be silvery or emerald green, or even as if spattered with white paint.

Medunitsa performs in the garden not only decorative, but also useful functions: honey plant, medicine, vitamin ingredient for salads.

Medunitsa: varieties and varieties

Virtually all varieties of lungfish inherent ability, very rare in other colors - they change the color of the corolla in the flowering process. Blooming in pink, the corollas gradually change color to blue.

There are 15 types of lungfish. The most decorative of them, the most common in flower beds:

    Valomite medunica. Very spectacular, but rather rare. Differs heat-loving. Unusual large leaves can be attributed to its distinctive feature, which at the beginning of spring are green and covered with silver spots, and by the middle of summer the spots merge, thereby turning the leaf into completely silver. Blooming in early spring with purple-red flowers.

Planting a plant

Medunitsya prefers saturated humus loose soil. Sandy or loamy soils are well suited. For a flower bed, choose a place where direct sunlight does not fall, because it is in the shade that the medunit blossoms brighter, and the patterns on the leaves become clearer.

The best time to plant is spring. During this period, the soil is most saturated with nutrients, and the absence of frost allows the young plant to adapt to the new habitat.

The medunitsa does not tolerate stagnant water, therefore it is very important that the site is well drained. In addition, thoroughly clean the place of weeds.

Attention. Do not bury the litter box when landing.

Diseases and pests

Another positive aspect of caring for lungwort is that this flower is practically not susceptible to diseases and pest invasions. The only danger that may lie in wait for your plants - slugs and snails. They appear if the soil is too wet. Pull the weeds regularly and do not allow waterlogging, and you will not have any problems with Lungwort.

Shrub Medunica: combination with other plants

With other plants lungwort gets on well. Well, it is adjacent to the shade-loving host. However, it must be remembered that some types of lungfish grow quite actively, so it is worth making the spaces between the plants bigger so that your plantings do not turn into the jungle.

Medunitsa shrubby in landscape design

Medunits is an ideal plant for a natural garden. Many consider this flower the most beautiful of all forest inhabitants. Very naturally, it looks among coniferous trees, forming a dense carpet dotted with colorful bright colors.

Soft borders from a lung box look neat. No less harmoniously this perennial and with various shrubs. Try to plant a litter box in the shade of a derena or a bladder.

This flower is irreplaceable in the spring garden beds in combination with woods, daffodils, crocuses. And in flower beds with later plants will look harmonious with astilba, bath and phlox.

Medunitsya is a beautiful flower in its beauty and unpretentiousness. Growing it will not bring you any trouble, but its flowering will give you a lot of positive emotions. After all, it is not often possible to find flowers that can change color in the flowering process. In addition, even in one bush of the lungfish there can be flowers of different shades. Decorate the shady corners of your garden with a Lungwort and let it delight you from the first warm spring days.

Decorative types of lungfish

Medunitsa is a perennial herb that often grows in open nature between trees and shrubs. Almost all its varieties are united by one feature: flowers of the medunitsa change the color of the corolla during flowering. Beginning to bloom in pink, they gradually change it to blue.

Today there are about 15 species of this plant, but not all of them have decorative properties. Therefore, we decided to select only those that are most often found in flower beds.

Medunitsa red. The earliest type of this plant, which can please you with a bright red color for a long time. When grown in gardens, it grows very intensively, forming a dense ground cover of light green small leaves without spots.

Valunar medunica. Despite the fact that this is a very spectacular view, in gardens it is quite rare. It is distinguished by its thermophilicity, although the main characteristic is unusual large leaves that change their color (in early spring they are green with silver spots, and closer to the middle of summer spots merge and the sheet becomes completely silver). Flowering begins in early spring, decorating the yard or garden with purple-red flowers.

Medunitsa officinalis. A low (up to 30 cm) plant that is distinguished by a high level of winter resistance (capable of withstanding temperatures down to -35 ° C). The flowering period lasts about a month and begins in mid-May. At the beginning of flowering, the corolla has a red color, and over time it becomes purple.

Long-leaved medunitsa. In height, this plant reaches 25 cm, and differs from other species in very spectacular leaves: their upper part is dark green in color, with scattered silvery spots, and the lower one is gray-green. Such plants are more resistant to direct sunlight, which is not true of other types of lungwort. Flowering begins in April. At first, the blossomed inflorescences have a pink color, but over time they acquire a blue tint.

The softest medunitsa. Этот вид образует плотные кусты, высота которых достигает 50 см. Крупные сине-лиловые цветы появляются в конце апреля, а цветение растения продолжается до середины лета. In August or September, may bloom again, and the leaves appear throughout the season.

Medunits sugar (spotted). Refers to the ground cover species, and evergreen leaves create a fairly large carpet. With the advent of spring, the plant begins to bloom with a variety of inflorescences, which, as in the previous species, are able to change their color (in this case from carmine to purple).

Medunitsy obscure (or, as it is also called, “dark”). Another type of plant that can change the color of the inflorescences during flowering (from pink to blue or dark purple). In comparison with other species, the lungwort unclear is more demanding on the composition of the soil.

Optimum landing time

The most suitable time for planting a jellyfish garden, as, indeed, many other plants, is the beginning of spring. It was during this period that the earth is more saturated with nutrients and trace elements useful for plants, and the absence of frost allows the young plant to adapt to the new habitat.

How to choose a landing site

An important advantage of pulmonaria over other plants is its unpretentious in terms of lighting. She can easily grow in the shade or partial shade, and direct sunlight is generally destructive for her. If there is no such place in your garden for growing lungfish, then try to place the plant where it will be protected from the sun for at least half a day (for example, under the spreading crowns of trees).

Despite the fact that medunitsa is considered a moisture-loving culture, it grows poorly in too wet areas. In this case, it is necessary to equip a high bed for it.

How to prepare the soil before planting

Pulmonaria does not have high requirements for soil composition and can grow on almost any soil, although when grown on fertile loamy-alkaline and slightly acidic soils, it will look especially good. Therefore, if there are poor soils in your summer cottage, then before planting a lung box it is better to apply organic fertilizers. When planting narrow-leaved species, fertilizers are not required, as the plants feel great on poor sandy soil.

However, this does not mean that, after planting a plant once, it does not need to be periodically fed. Even more favorable alkaline, slightly acid, sandy or loamy, loose soils should contain humus. therefore humus is regularly brought under the shrub and fed at least once a season (The most suitable month is July, when new leaves grow intensively at the plant). As a suitable solution using mineral fertilizer prepared at the rate of 15-20 g per 10 liters of water.

It is no secret that medunitsa grows best in conditions of sufficient humidity, but the level of this humidity should not be too high therefore, ensure a good soil drainage system before planting.

The distance between adjacent bushes should not be less than 15 cm, although species that are prone to growth, it is better to plant 20, 25 or even 30 cm apart.

Watering and mulching the soil

In most cases, Medunitsa officinalis, as it is often called, it does not need frequent watering, therefore, it is necessary to apply a large amount of liquid to the soil only during the drought period. Most of all, the red look suffers from a lack of moisture: its large leaves lose their elasticity and wilt quickly, and in order to save the plant, they have to be cut.

With the arrival of spring, the soil around the low bush of the Lungwort is covered with mulch of natural origin: wood chips, peat, mowed grass or sawdust. Such a covering material with a thickness of 8-15 cm will save the top layer of soil from overheating, drying out, and also block the way to the weeds and even serve as an additional feeding for the melluna.

Trimming of the lungfish is reduced to the removal of peduncles (so that even the hemp does not remain) after the end of the flowering period. Also, old leaves, which have long ceased to decorate the bush, are also periodically cut.

Plant frost resistance

It should be noted and high level of resistance to the winter colds. In the middle climatic zone, it is not even always covered for winter, although in the first year after planting it is still better to cover the pulmonary with peat, pine spruce branches or old leaves, thereby creating more comfortable conditions for the still not quite strong plant.

Lungwort in garden design

Medunitsa - just perfect for garden design. Many gardeners deservedly consider it the most beautiful flower of all forest dwellers, which can often be found in the country garden. When medunitsa blooms, a thick carpet is created on the plot, created from multicolored and bright colors.

Soft curbs from this plant look no less attractive. Besides, Lungwort goes well with various bushes. For example, try planting a pulmonary in the shade of a blister or deden.

This flower is indispensable in the spring garden beds in combination with woods, daffodils and crocuses, and in flower gardens with later flowers, it will be perfectly complemented by the baths, phloxes and astilbe.

Ways of breeding lungfish

Medunitsa reproduces easily in a vegetative way, but often it is not necessary to divide the bushes. This is a durable plant, and in natural conditions the process of reproduction takes place from the beginning of flowering and lasts for almost the entire period of growth. The old parts of the rhizome die over time, and the bush begins to decay.

In "home conditions" lungfish multiply in three main ways: dividing the bush, rhizome segments and seeds.

In most cases by dividing the bush, they multiply sugar and long-leaved lungwort. To do this at the end of the season it is necessary to separate several parts with buds on each of them. After that, the "segments" are planted in the prepared soil to a depth of 4 cm.

When dividing the rhizomes, you can keep all the perennial varietal qualities. In early spring, the bush is dug, after which it is divided into parts and pruned. The obtained parts must be planted in the ground at a distance of not less than 30 cm from each other, and do not forget that they should be planted to the same depth as the plant before division. If at the beginning of spring you did not have time to divide the flower, it can be done at the beginning of autumn as soon as it stops blooming. By dividing the rhizome most often propagated medicinal, red, shaft-like and narrow-leaved species of the plant.

Using the seed method of reproduction, it will be difficult for you to keep the variety pure. Pollination is performed crosswise, so if you are ready for experiments, you can sow the litter box in your area, as a result of which you can get a sufficiently large palette of a wide variety of colors, and, quite likely, you will become the owner of a unique copy.

Resistance to the garden pests

Another positive point in the cultivation of lonunits is that it is practically not subject to diseases and pest invasions, and the only danger that can threaten your plant are slugs and snails, consuming the leaves of the lungwort. They love very moist soil, therefore, as soon as the watering of the plant becomes too abundant, uninvited guests will appear near the flowers.

In the fight against them will help agrotechnical methods, providing thorough processing and cleaning of the soil from weeds, and timely pruning in order to prevent thickening of the landings.

Steps for self-reproduction lungwort

You can propagate the "pulmonary grass" by seed or delenka (sharing a heavily grown bush). Vegetative reproduction by dividing allows you to keep the variety clean, but if you are sowing seeds, you can get plants with different shades of flowers.

It is possible to divide the bushes of lungfish both in March and after its flowering (time July-August). Under natural conditions, at one place of growth, the palmarium successfully grows 3–4 years, while its root system spreads strongly around the sides and starts to start root processes already in the mulch layer. After this, a new young specimen of the lungfish is formed, but the old roots, which eventually become bare, gradually die off. Therefore, the frequency of separation of bushes once every 3-4 years.

If this operation is carried out in March, the plant is digged around on all sides and carefully removed from the soil. The division is carried out so that each part has a replacement kidney. After this, the roots of the delenka are cut a little, and they are planted in prepared holes. The distance between the holes is maintained at 25–35 cm. After planting, the upper layer must be carefully mulched with humus so that the moisture evaporates less. Some growers recommend covering the planting with plastic wrap for 5–6 days.

However, since the medunitsa already has strongly expanded roots by the summer, it easily propagates in the summer period. The rhizome of the plant grows strongly around, you need to cut off part of the bush with a shovel and transplant to a new place. The distances between the parts of the lungfish should be 15–20 cm, with a depth of 3–4 cm.

Freshly harvested seeds should be placed in the ground (the longest honey variety), or they can be carried by ants. After the seedlings grow, they pick them up, so that the distance between the plants is 5–8 cm. If the seedlings are found in other places, they are simply removed and taken care of as usual.

Difficulties in caring for Lungwort: pest and disease control

Although this representative of the flora has practically no weak points, there are still troubles. When the variety of medunitsa medicinal is quite old, it can be affected by powdery mildew. This is mainly due to the lack of moisture, so regular and sufficient watering of the plant is important. But sometimes the appearance of this disease is influenced by the proximity to the root system of powerful plants or shrubs that trap moisture - such a place for a nursing home is also not suitable. In this case, it will be necessary to transplant to a more suitable part of the garden, where the soil for a longer time remains in a uniformly moist state.

Powdery mildew prevention is pruning foliage after winter at the very beginning of the growing season. Since the first in the nectarum flower stalk formations are formed, and the old foliage is preserved poorly and looks untidy, but it does not add beauty to the plant. Signs of powdery mildew infection appear immediately after the medunitsa bloom. At this time, it is recommended to conduct a short pruning (and then burning the affected parts of the plant), which will also help young leaves to avoid infection. Then it is necessary to spray the bushes with sulfur preparations.

In the extreme case, a pre-emptive (preventive) spraying of fungicides is carried out at the very end of the flowering process, this will be prevention. Naturally, it is important to select varieties for cultivation and arrange care.

Slugs and snails gnawing foliage are the most common pests of lungwort. When dealing with them, agrotechnical methods are used - weeding weeding, planting should be thinned from neglect, use drugs like “Thunderstorm” or “Meta”.

Interesting information about the medunitsu

The herbaceous stems and leaves of all varieties of lungfish contain mucus and tannins. There are a lot of ascorbic acid and other vitamins in the leaf plates of the varietal medunitsy (Pulmonaria obscura). They are recommended to use when cooking salads. Medunitsa medicinal (Pulmonaria officinalis) in itself has saponins and tannins. The leaves of this variety are usually added to soups and salads, as they give the dish a taste of vermouth. And in England, the plant is even grown specifically as a culture for salad.

The medicinal variety of lungwort has long been known to healers and folk healers. With its help, all sorts of pulmonary diseases were treated, since its constituent saponins and tannins acted as an expectorant and emollient. The plant bore the name in connection with the Doctrina of signatures, on which the leaves covered with bright spots resembled human lungs. According to this teaching, all the beneficial properties of the representative of the flora were associated with its appearance. However, today no one uses medunitsu, as more effective plants with a similar spectrum of action have appeared.

Also, with the help of other varieties of lungfish, it is possible to cure nosebleeds and hemorrhoidal problems, to bring relief from anemia and diathesis, and also to eliminate inflammatory processes in the stomach and intestines, beneficially affecting the entire gastrointestinal tract.

Description of the types of lungfish

There are a large number of species, here are the most popular of them.

    Valunar medunica (Pulmonaria villarsae) is a fairly effective, but very rare look. The plant has a great love for the warm climatic conditions of growth. It can be found growing large groups in the bush thickets, which are located along the mountain streams at an altitude of about 1500 meters in the mountains of Italy and San Marino (Apennines), where there are sand and gravel. This includes the lands of Northern and Western Europe. Leaf plates have parameters along the length of 20 cm with a width of up to 10 cm, their surface with pubescence. It has a rather interesting color. From the very beginning in spring, the color of the leaves is green, but over time it becomes spotty. Spots of silver-whitish tone appear on the surface, but by the middle of summer the spots completely merge and the sheet casts white with silver. Flowering occurs in early spring. A peduncle is formed, reaching a height of 45 cm; it is crowned with flowers of a purple-red hue.

Long-leaf lung lunaria (Pulmonaria longifolia). The plant can reach a height of 25 cm and has very effective leaves. The shape of the leaf plate is lanceolate or lanceolate-swept. The length reaches 20–50 cm, the width is only 6 cm. The upper side of the leaf surface is dark green and silvery specks are laid on it, there is pubescence. The reverse side casts a gray-green color scheme. This species is more resistant to the scorching rays of the sun than all the others, since the surface of the leaf is more dense. The flowering process takes place in the month of April. Blooming pink hues, the flowers unite into inflorescences, and over time they acquire a blue color scheme.

Medunitsa red (Pulmonaria rubra) prefers to settle at an altitude of 300–1600 meters above sea level in the mountains of Hungary, Albania and Bulgaria, where subalpine beech and pine forests are common. The plant has an elongated rhizome. When flowering revealed bright red flowers. The flowering process lasts a long time (from May to early June) and it is quite abundant. When grown in culture has a feature of intensive growth, while the average growth of the rhizome is 7-15 cm per year. Because of this growth, a ground cover of high density is formed, reaching a height of 25–30 cm. Leaf plates are painted in a light green tone, there are no stains on the surface. Their shape is narrow, the sheet plate can be up to 15 cm long and 7 cm wide. The surface of the sheet is covered with bristles and glands. Used in culture as a ground cover. Prefers to grow crowded, creating groups. This is a variety that is distinguished by the earliest flowering. There is a garden shape with flowers of white color David Ward.

  • Medunitsa officinalis (Pulmonaria officinalis) It is ubiquitous on the territory stretching from Western Europe to Siberia. Prefers to grow in deciduous forests on humus-rich soils. The height of this herbaceous perennial is 10–30 cm, its rhizome is black and strongly branched. Stems are weak, covered with bristles in the upper part, and glands in another. Sheet plates have another location. Whitish spots appear on the surface. In the root zone leaves with a heart-ovoid shape, attached to the stems with long petioles, begin their development after flowering. The leaves on the stems have oblong outlines, reaching a length of 16 cm. When flowering buds are formed, located in pairs, in loose curls. The corolla has a funnel shape, there are five petals with a limb, their tone is initially red, but then it changes to a lilac color. The flower is 1.5 cm across. The flowering process takes place in early May and lasts 25–30 days. The plant can withstand frost down to -35 degrees. Used in culture since the XVI century. There is also a garden form with perianths of the whitish color “Alba”, there is a species whose leaves are devoid of spots (var. Imnaculata).

  • For more details on the cultivation of lungfish, see here:

    Planting and caring for decorative lungwort in open ground

    In order for this plant to not only look beautiful, but also bloom profusely, it is necessary to properly plant it. This procedure involves the selection of time and place. The further development of the flower depends on these moments.

    Where and how best to plant a lungfish

    Medunitsa - a plant with two undoubted advantages.

    • Она очень теневынослива и прекрасно растёт там, где большинство декоративных цветов будут выглядеть больными и недостаточно развитыми или вообще погибнут. Причём, благодаря раннему началу вегетационного периода и устойчивости к ранним заморозкам, медуница гораздо выгоднее других растений, предпочитающих тень, вроде всем известной хосты. В условиях густой тени цветы медуницы будут крупными и яркими, а на листьях более контрастно проявится необычный рисунок.
    • Another advantage of the medunitsa - its undemanding to the composition of the soil. Some varieties can grow even on sand, and most prefer sandy loam and loam containing humus. The main condition is the absence of strong waterlogging arising from the stagnation of water in the area.

    In addition, it must be remembered that the lungwort does not tolerate the heat, and in the open sun its foliage loses its decorative effect, getting sunburns, which negatively affects the general state of health of the plant.

    If you breed a bush in the spring, then it is necessary to provide for the presence of a kidney replacement on each of the small villages and plant them 25-30 cm apart, after cutting the roots and mulching with humus. You can cover the landing film for about a week.

    The division at the end of flowering is an easier and more convenient option for the gardener, and for the plant less traumatic. Already grown by the middle of summer rhizomes have time to properly take root, so you just need to separate them with a shovel from the mother plant and transplant.

    Do not forget that when planting should not be too deep in the neck of the plant.

    Pulmonaria longifolia - long-leafed medunitsa

    How to use a medunitsu in landscape design

    If your garden is decorated in landscape or rustic style, then the wild varieties of lungfish will fall in it very handy. They reproduce beautifully on their own and settle down all the comfortable places for themselves without your participation.
    For a more regular garden, it is better to use specially bred ornamental varieties, planting them in groups in shady corners or placing a border along the paths, provided that they pass under the canopy of trees and shrubs.
    The narrow-leafed medunitsa will be appropriate on the northeastern slopes of the Alpine hills, and the softest - suitable for fairly brightly lit areas of the garden.
    The ornamental foliage of the lonaris in mixborders looks great, where hosts, ferns, or uvulyaria suit well for it as partners. Good looking blue flowers on monotonous spring flower beds next to forget-me-nots and periwinkles.
    Spectacular leaves of the plant will be the perfect backdrop for bright phlox or daylilies.

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    Posted 12/11/2014 medicinal plants, planting, shadow

    Valunar medunica (Pulmonaria villarsae) ‘Silver Bouquet’

    Medunitsa (Pulmonaria) as a medicinal plant has been known for a long time. It grows wild in almost the entire territory of Russia. They called her a leg patient - it was believed that it helps with lung diseases. Now it is fashionable to grow medunitsa to decorate a flower bed or a garden. And in this new capacity, a modest forest plant of the Burachnikov family is sometimes indispensable. It is frost-resistant, blooms early, durable (in one place can grow up to 30 years), multicolored (there are flowers of different shades on the plant) and decorative throughout the season due to its beautiful pubescent leaves (they are spotty, bordered and monotone).

    Choosing a site for planting and soil preparation

    What else flower growers like to use in the litter box is its ability to grow in partial shade and even in the shade.

    If there is no such place in your garden, plant the plant where it will be protected from the sun at least at noon, for example, under the trees. Despite the fact that medunitsa is considered a moisture-loving culture, it grows poorly in wetlands. In this case, it is better for a litter box to make a high bed.

    The plant does not impose special requirements on the soil, but when grown on fertile loamy-alkaline and slightly acidic soils, it grows and looks particularly good. Therefore, on poor soil before planting it is advisable to introduce organic matter. And only the narrow-leafed medunitsa grows well on poor sandy soil.

    Choosing a method of breeding lungfish and landing

    Most often, the culture is propagated by dividing the bush. When using this method, the purity of the variety is maintained. So you can propagate the long-lung (Pulmonaria longifolia), sugar (P. Saccharata Mill) and interspecific hybrids. In early spring or early autumn, the bushes of the lung sue divide into parts, prune the roots and spread out at a distance of 30 centimeters from each other to the same depth.

    Medunitsa sugar (Pulmonaria saccharata) ‘Mrs Moon’