General information

You do not know what kind of white cabbage to plant in your garden? Meet the most popular

Dawn Ultra-early. Cobs have a small size, the weight of the head to 1 kg, the average density. It is resistant to cracking. The best early grade of white cabbage.

Care for cabbage will never be over. In particular, immediately after planting in the open ground

, Although the external is also not very long. All this makes cabbage "Kolobok F1" very compact, which could be the reason for such a name.

Cabbage leaves "Amager" have a gray-green color, covered with a rather dense layer of wax, which makes them very smooth. The edges of the leaves can be both smooth and coarse.

Ultra early hybrid form of white cabbage "Dawn F1"

Also, cabbages “Dumas F1” ripen just in an unusually short time: technical maturity comes within 55-57 days from the moment of planting in the garden of seedlings.

Cabbage is valued for its healthy and delicious taste. White cabbage is the most popular in Russia. Her pickled, kvass, eaten fresh. Breeders bred varieties that are well kept until the new harvest.

How do you choose cabbage varieties? And which varieties do you prefer?

Sowing is in full swing, and summer residents have a great deal of business. All window sills are made up of various seedlings, which are waiting for their time. For cabbage seedlings at home, not many gardeners can find a place. How to be? You can sow cabbage in a greenhouse, you can - right in the ground, but the most popular solution - to buy ready-made seedlings.

​ ​Require abundant wateringAs for the color of the leaves, the outer ones have a greenish color, although in the cut this cabbage is white. Such cabbage is very good for sourdough, although it is also kept fresh for a long time without being damaged by pinpoint necrosis.The internal head of the head has medium size. For the period of technical maturity, the taste qualities of cabbage are quite good, but they are significantly improved during its winter storage.Yield

The grade is intended not only for the fresh use, but also perfectly is suitable for a fermentation and salting.

  • Almost simultaneously
  • Cabbage is a democratic vegetable, it is used to prepare delicious snacks and simple "folk" dishes. Varieties of cabbage differ in fork size, ripening time, nature of use. Early ripening varieties are grown for summer consumption, they ripen early, have small dense plugs and are completely unsuitable for pickling and long-term storage. For fresh use, they retain varieties of medium and late ripening. They are distinguished by tight forks with coarse leaves, resistant to putrid diseases. Late cabbage is frost-resistant, can withstand frost -5 ° C, clean it after the first winter. Late-ripening cabbage is stored in storage, its taste improves, the leaves become softer, more tender. Late cabbage is harvested in dry weather. The heads out are pulled out along with the roots, shake off the ground, the upper leaves are torn off, tied up in pairs and hung on hooks in the cellar or basement. You can put the cabbage roots on the ground or put on a rack so that they do not touch each other. The optimum storage temperature is 0 ° C + 2 ° C. In this way, it is possible to preserve vegetables until May-June.
  • Last year, the late-ripening varieties planted the Sugar Loaf variety ... I liked it a lot))

We have already discussed how to choose and buy seedlings, figured out 12 secrets of growing cabbage seedlings, and in the article Cabbage around the head, not only looked at all the important features of this popular culture, but also talked about how to grow cabbage in a seedless way, sowing its seeds straight into the ground or in the greenhouse. But we missed one equally important question: how to choose varieties of white cabbage, how they differ from each other, and what to look for when choosing. I propose this omission to correct. GoMenza F1 Mid-season variety, ripens in 110-120 days after transplanting. Heads of large, reach a mass of 9 kg, with a small stalk, can be stored until March. The best variety of cabbage for pickling, salting.2 times a week - use costs about 6-8 liters of water per area of ​​1m2.The Kolobok F1 cabbage yields, which mature in 115-125 days from the moment of planting the seedlings, have rather high indices. An area of ​​1m2 can bestow on you 7-12 kilograms of good fruit, while a sufficiently dense planting is acceptable for this variety - 0.5 by 0.4 meters.Fruiting

“Dumas F1” - early cabbage for thickened plantations

Fruits cabbage "Gift" is very good. When planting her scheme 0.5 to 0.6 meters from an area of ​​1m2 without problems, you can harvest up to 15 kilograms. Thus, all the resources invested in the cultivation of this cabbage are even excessively compensated by crops.

Ultra-early cabbage variety

Therefore, in order to stretch the ripening time, it is recommended to sow the seeds with a certain frequency.

A well-known variety of universal purpose - "Gift". It is ideal for pickling, stored under favorable conditions for 4 months. An old, time-tested, excellent grade - “Armager 611”. Ripens on 120−125 day after transplanting, yield 4−6 kg / sq. m. Heads dense, with a bitter taste, do not crack, the average weight of 2−4 kg. Stored until spring, during storage bitterness goes away. White cabbage “Blizzard” is a fruitful variety, medium-sized heads, dense, weighing up to 4 kg, with a fine internal structure and excellent taste. Used for long-term storage and processing. "Wintering 1474" - frost-resistant, not prone to fungal infections, bred for cultivation in the northern areas. The heading is a rounded flat greenish-white color, weighing 2–3 kilograms. An unrivaled late harvest hybrid variety - “Kolobok”. Head out compact, dense with good taste without bitterness. Fruits are rich in ascorbic acid, the upper leaves are green, white juicy in the cut. The varieties of modern selection “Geneva”, “Aros”, “Turkis” are excellently stored for 7–8 months, have small heads weighing up to 2 kg, without bitterness. Experts advise to consume it fresh.And I like the Sugar Loaf variety, as well as Extra.

  • Before choosing a cabbage variety, you need to decide what you need it for: for early fresh use, for salting and preservation, or for long-term storage.
  • A gift. One of the best varieties for salting and pickling. From planting seedlings in June to harvest usually takes 110-120 days. Heads of cabbage are rounded and rounded flat, light green, dense, weight from 2.5 kg to 4.5 kg. Excellent taste in fresh and fermented form. It is recommended for all types of consumption, as well as for short-term storage. Planted seedlings according to the scheme
  • Later watering should be done less often, but more abundant. Also, at least 2 times a month cabbage should be added with solutions from manure or chicken manure. Mineral fertilizers are less commonly used.

It is also important to know that for a hybrid it is acceptable to grow both with the help of seedlings and in a seedless way.This cabbageHappens to be high

Mid-season white cabbage "Gift" - the best decoration of your garden bed

In general, from the beginning of the emergence of the first shoots to the onset of technical maturity, it usually takes from 107 to 118 days.

Everybody knows about white cabbage, because it is practically the cheapest vegetable that can be easily purchased on the market at any time of the year.

And from the early ones I like Express and the June one, and from the later ones - Blizzard (if it’s absolutely accurate, it belongs to medium late ones) and Stone Head. By the way, it was the last one last year that turned out to be the only one that suffered a sharp transition from the summer drought to the autumn rains without loss - the cabbages did not crack. This year, she still sowed Gift (middle-late) and Kharkov Winter (late variety) - let's see ...The cabbage of early varieties does not have a high yield and is suitable only for fresh consumption. Her cabbages grow medium-sized and fairly loose, and outgrowing, they usually crack. But although such cabbage is not suitable for processing and long-term storage, it cannot be replaced - it ripens in just 60-80 days after transplanting to the ground.60cmx50 cm. This variety of medium white cabbage is recommended for growing in Siberia and the Urals, as well as in other regions of Russia.The most important is

. Of course, that it is very much dependent on the care and fertilizing, but even for an inexperienced gardener, this is not a major task.

What is the grade valued for and what is it proud of?

  • The ability to remain well on the vine without damage and changes in taste.
  • What is the value of cabbage "Dawn F1"?
  • But tell me, why buy if you can easily grow it in your own garden.
  • This year I decided to plant a stone head too, I decided to praise her very much.) And Kharkov Winter Gardener 2 years ago, with purchased seedlings, is also a very good variety with dense very juicy heads - I liked it.

Hybrid form of medium late cabbage "Menza F1": what special things does it hide in itself?

However, it is too late to sow the seeds of early cabbage even in the ground - it is better to buy ready-made seedlings.Jubilee F1. From planting seedlings to harvest need about 90 days. The weight of the head from 1,5kg to 4kg. Density is high, on a cut of white color. It has good taste in any form.Prevention of various diseases and plant damage by pestsFeatures, Although later (in what, of course, there are advantages). Technical ripeness of heads begins approximately 117-148 days after planting seedlings in open ground.

It is important to note that the ripening time for Menza F1 cabbage is quite good - the vegetation lasts about 110 days from the moment of transplantation. The big positive thing is that the plant can boast good yields when planting in almost all climatic regions of Russia.

The most important feature and advantage of this cabbage is that the variety grows well and bears fruit even in the conditions of the Siberian and Ural climatic regions of Russia. There is no point even talking about other regions, since under more favorable conditions the variety gives even better yields.

Good marketability and taste.Excellent option for growing in the Central climatic region of Russia.I think most of the readers would agree with this idea, putting only one logical question: which varieties of white cabbage are best planted to provide these vegetables for a whole year?Good afternoon, I decided to plant Savoy cabbage this year, I have never grown it before, they say it is very tasty, the leaves are tender. Tell me when to plant it through seedlings in open ground and how to look after it in the future. Thanks in advanceMost popular early varieties

Cooking This grade is stored 4-5 months. Great for pickling. The layout of the seedlings 60cmx50sm.

. To do this, it is recommended to preserve the cabbage for prematurely dusting with ashes, spray them with onion peel or burdock solutions.Described cabbage variety:

  • Plants do not mature at the same time, but quite well. In particular, a full crop of 35-60 tons can be harvested from plantations per hectare.
  • Merits
  • Fresh cobs are stored for up to 4 months.

The disadvantages also cabbage "Dumas F1" can also be attributed only to a narrow range of its use and

Early and very high yields.

Late white cabbage and its varieties

It is with this question that we will try to understand the article below, where we will acquaint you with the most popular varieties of early, middle and late ripening.

The third year I plant early cabbage Blast. I like it very much - really early and very tasty. Of the later ones I liked the Belarusian variety - the heads of cabbies are flat, dense and stand until frost, and they were kept until March, until they all ate. Most fermented - very good grade. Experimenting with broccoli - looking for a variety that is better suited for our region. Can anyone share a broccoli growing secret?

What is remarkable late white cabbage "Amager": get acquainted with the variety

: Golden hectare, Zora, Rosava, Yaroslavna, Nakhodka, and among the hybrids: Aladdin, Vestri, Delphi, Transfer, Pharaoh, Express.

Midor F1. From planting seedlings to harvesting takes 100-110 days. The shape of the head is rounded, weight up to 4 kg, inside is white. Recommended for use in both fresh and fermented form. Stored up to 4 months.

Some pests may also be afraid of a solution of tomato stems. A measure of prevention is also a regular crop change pattern in the garden.

When grown in an open field, there is a good resistance to mucous and vascular bacteriosis, various kinds of rot, as well as to fusarium wilt of the plant.Briefly about the value of cabbage "Amader" for home gardening:Which distinguishes this hybrid form:Excellent taste and presentation of the resulting cabbage.

Short shelf life

There is a good resistance to cracking cabbage heads.

  • This group of white cabbage varieties is mainly intended to be consumed fresh immediately after the plants are removed from the beds.
  • Sauerkraut
  • The middle varieties of cabbage, which are conventionally divided into mid-early, middle-ripening and middle-late, are somewhat between the early and late varieties of cabbage. In comparison with the first, they are more fruitful, have a more dense heading, but are not so tender in taste and mature much longer: 85-120 days pass from transplanting to the ground before harvesting. Late varieties average inferior yield and storage time.

Glory-1305. Classic variety. The term of maturation is 85-100 days. Heads are round, weight from 2.5 to 4.5 kg, dense. This variety is considered to be one of the most productive medium grades of white cabbage.

Late hybrid cabbage form "Kolobok F1"

Very long storage of the crop - up to 8-10 months from the moment of harvesting.

High-yielding variety of high quality fruit, suitable for long-term storage and transportation.The huge size of the fruit and their good quality.The variety has practically no flaws, it only requires careful maintenance, good farming practices and the prevention of pest and disease lesions.

Unfortunately, but green cabbages of this cabbage with an average density are recommended solely in order to use them directly in fresh form.

Since they are called early, then they ripen the very first at the beginning of summer. In general, the vegetation period of plants of this group does not last longer than 105-120, that is, the time from the beginning of seed germination and to full maturity of cabbage heads.

For fermentation, medium-late varieties of white cabbage are used: Slava, Braunschweig-423, Moscow Late, Belorusskaya-455, Wintering-1474, Zimnaya Gribovskaya-2176 and others. Heads must be fresh, dense, weighing at least 0.7 kg. When cleaning heads, remove the top green and damaged leaves, as well as cut off the stalk flush with the head. Cut the stalk with a special knife or cut the head into two or four parts, cutting out the remains of each part. Then the cabbage is chopped with a typewriter or knife into strips of 5 mm. For 10 kg of prepared (shredded) cabbage, 180-200 g of common salt and 350 g of carrots, 1 kg of whole apples, 350 g of cranberries, 500 g of carrots, 500 g of apples and 5 g of cumin, 350 g of carrots and bay leaf are needed. Peeled carrots are rinsed and chopped into small strips or planed on a coarse grater, you can cut it into circles, clean apples are laid in cabbage in whole, halves or quarters, cutting out seed cells from them. Cranberries or lingonberries are sorted, cleaned of leaves, twigs and debris and washed, changing the water 2-3 times. Cumin and other spices sort out from impurities. Salt is used "Extra" and first grade, but not iodized. At the bottom of a 10-liter container, put some clean white cabbage leaves, then a layer of chopped cabbage, sprinkle it with a small amount of carrot and salt, put apples or berries (it is better to mix spices with salt). Then again lay a layer of cabbage, pour salt, etc. Each layer of cabbage compacted. If kvass cabbage in an enamelled bucket, glass jar, then it together with carrots and other components can be mixed separately in the pelvis, and then put in a container with a seal. Fill the dishes almost to the top. At the end, put clean fresh cabbage leaves. The next day, the cabbage settles, fresh water is added to it, and in the case of abundant secretion of juice, it is pierced with a wooden or stainless needle, and then repeated this several times. Formed on the surface of the cabbage foam is removed. The best temperature at the beginning of fermentation is 16-20 ° C. Через 7-12 дней процесс брожения заканчивается. Ведра и другую тару накрывают кругом с грузом и обвязывают полиэтиленовой пленкой. Тару с капустой ставят в холодное место (подвал, погреб) или в домашний холодильник. Лучшая температура хранения -от 0 до 2°C. Через два месяца капуста приобретает отличный вкус. http://aflow.narod.ru/kons/kap.html​The indisputable advantage of medium varieties is the possibility of using them for further processing: souring, canning and so on. To numberDobrovodskaya. This variety can be attributed to both medium-ripe and medium-late. Vegetation time 110-120 days. Weight of cabbage up to 6kg. Suitable for all types of food processing.

  • . From planting seedlings to removing heads in 45-55 days. The heading is small, rounded, the density of the head is average, height is 15-20 cm with a mass of 1-1.4 kg. Color is light green, inside is white. Differs in excellent tastes. It is recommended to use fresh. The main difference is very harmonious ripening. It is well resistant to diseases such as blackleg and vascular bacteriosis. Sometimes it can become infected with gray mold. The best planting scheme is 60x40 cm. The yield reaches 4-5 kg ​​per 1 sq. M. Can be attributed to the best varieties of early cabbage.
  • The disadvantages of this hybrid form in the process of growing were practically not noticed. In rare cases, there is damage by pests, which can be prevented from dusting wood ashes.

Stability of heads before cracking.

What you need to know about planting white cabbage: the main aspects

  • Ability to store on the vine (1-2 weeks at the onset of technical maturity).
  • By the size of its heads, this variety is considered the most record:
  • The area of ​​use of middle-ripening varieties of white cabbage is somewhat wider than early. It is intended for fresh consumption in the autumn.
  • Are stored
  • The name “Zarya” also carries another variety of this crop, however, this hybrid form has much more advantages, for this reason we will tell you about the hybrid.
  • White-haired

Features care for white cabbage during growth

Most popular mid-season cabbage varietiesGreen Fight F1 Medium-late high-yielding cabbage hybrid. Ripens 85-90 days after transplantation. The head of cabbage is large, solid, well aligned in size. The weight of the head reaches 8kg. Very plastic hybrid. It grows well in the field. Resistant to diseases such as fusarium. It has a high taste. It is recommended for use both in processed and fresh form. A good variety of cabbage for pickling.Dumas F1. Very early ripening variety, ripening in 55-65 days. Heading has a round shape. Weight at the head of cabbage 0.9 kg-1.4 kg, not prone to cracking. Excellent early cabbage variety.

Sowing seeds can begin as early as March, but it is important to focus on the particular features of your climate and whether it will be possible to plant seedlings in open ground in 30-40 days. Before sowing, it is important to treat them with boiling water and nutrient mixtures.

Fully matured in the southern and middle climatic zone of Russia.From the moment of harvest, this variety is kept fresh until February.Weight

It can even be sour, only to maintain its taste in this form it will not be long - only 3-4 months. The ripening of such cabbage comes not much later than early - 130 days after sowing the seeds.

Varieties of white cabbage

Include: Gift, Glory 1305, Stolichnaya, Belorusskaya 455, Brunswick. Among the hybrids, Megaton, Menza, Rinda, Hanibull, Hermes and others can be distinguished.

June. Early variety.

Seeds are deposited to a depth of 1 centimeter, the distance between two seeds is 3-4 centimeters.

Unfortunately, but the resistance to diseases in this cabbage is not high. Particularly susceptible cabbage "Amader" to vascular bacteriosis.

It is difficult to speak about the shortcomings of such a beautiful hybrid form, since in general there are none. The only thing is the possibility of defeat by various pests and diseases, from which more than one variety is not protected.

They may fluctuate

Mid-season varieties of white cabbage, cabbage varieties for fermentation.

Not very long

Internal cabbage of this cabbage has a length of 4-6 centimeters, but the outer can reach even 8 centimeters.

The best period for leavening cabbage is autumn (from the second half of September to mid-November). Early cabbage varieties are unsuitable for fermentation: they have loose heads, and the leaves are too green (white heads are used for the leaven, green leaves make the pickle bitter). I use the "Glory" grade.

Late varieties - the most fruitful. In addition, they have excellent taste and less than others, are prone to accumulation of nitrates, and therefore the safest for our health. They are suitable for both fresh use and for processing.

Amager. Technical ripeness occurs after 115-120 days after planting seedlings. Heads of cabbage have a rounded flat shape, dense, weight 3-3,5 kg. During the storage period, the taste only improves. This variety of cabbage is well suited for fermentation. The best variety of late cabbage.

Heading rounded, weight reaches 2.5 kg. The density of the head of cabbage is average, the variety is resistant to cracking. Heads are formed almost simultaneously. Cleaning is done 60-70 days after planting the seedlings. Good early variety of white cabbage.

Already at 12-15 days old, seedlings can begin to stab, carrying boxes with it to fresh air and under the sun's rays.

Fusarium wilt is also common. Also, when storing heads of cabbage, it can cause gray mold and point necrosis.

Also interesting to read about the best varieties of cauliflower

Late-ripening cabbage varieties.

A feature of the variety is also the perfect smoothness and brilliance of the leaves, which creates the impression of the presence of wax on them.

, And absolutely not suitable for pickling and even canning.

The shape of the heads generally occurs rounded and aligned. But most of all this hybrid is distinguished by the color and shape of the leaves: green with a weak wax coating, they have weakly cut or slightly wavy edges.

Winter cabbage varieties.

How to choose varieties of white cabbage

Distinguished by increased keeping quality, cabbage of late varieties, when properly stored, remains calm until the next season. True, it ripens long enough: from the disembarkation of its seedlings to the ground before harvesting takes more than 130 days. Most popular among

Aros F1. It has a very dense head with a small mass: 1.6-1.8 kg. From planting seedlings to harvest need from 130 to 140 days. Tastes are very good. Shelf life up to 8 months. Unusually resistant to various causative agents of cabbage diseases. Seedlings are planted in the ground according to the scheme 40 cm x 45 cm. A good late variety of white cabbage for salting.

What are the varieties, and how they differ

Malachite F1. From planting seedlings to harvest 55-60 days. Cob rounded, weighing 1kg-1.5 kg, dense, does not have a tendency to cracking. It has a good taste. It is very useful to use fresh. Ripens amicably 7-10 days. Planted seedlings according to the scheme 60x40 cm. The best cabbage variety for Siberia and the Urals.

Early varieties

Before planting seedlings do not forget to carefully prepare the beds: dig them up carefully and apply organic fertilizers.

The shape of the heads of this cabbage is usually found rounded. By structure, they are very dense and weigh about 2-3 kilograms.The term of ripening of such varieties of cabbage can reach even 180 days, although of course this is the latest varieties. In connection with these, it can not be grown in all regions, even despite the good frost resistance of most of the known varieties.. Thus, the main thing is not to be lazy with the care and feeding - cabbage will not remain in debt.

Medium grades

The heads of the hybrid form "Dumas F1" have a rounded classic cabbage shape. Their color is very interesting: from smoky green to light green.To the touch the surface of the leaves is very smooth, with slight wrinkles. Due to the excellent taste, salads and other dishes from it are simply excellent.Yes, all late varieties only

Late varieties

Late ripe cabbage varieties

Krümon F.1. From transplanting seedlings into open ground, before harvesting heads, you need 125-135 days. The heading of medium size, round shape, has a very high density with a mass of about 2 kg, grayish-green color, on the cut greenish-white. Tastes excellent. It is recommended for fresh consumption in the winter. This variety is able to be stored for more than six months. During storage, cabbages are not affected by necrosis. Planted according to the scheme 60cmx50 cm. One of the best varieties of late white cabbage.Dawn F1. Ultra-early. From planting seedlings to harvesting takes 40-45 days. Heads of rounded shape, weight up to 1.5 kg, medium-dense. Good taste. It is recommended to use fresh. Planting plantation seedlings 50cmx40 cmPlanting of seedlings is carried out with the appearance on it of 3-4 true leaves. The planting scheme must be individualized for each class, taking into account the possible size of its heads.

Natasha, Russia

The heads of cabbies have a rounded flat shape, the stumps of them are very small, especially in comparison with its overall dimensions. Very ardent gardeners, claim that with good care and planting of seedlings for the scheme 0.9 by 0.6 meters, the heads of cabbage succeeded even in 15 kilograms.

Compared to early varieties, simply impressive -

Marina, Nekrasovskoye

The leaves are rather large, smooth in wavy edges. The taste qualities of this cabbage are at a very high level, and the commercial appearance does not lag behind at all. With a weight of heads of 0.8-1.5 kilograms, it is very profitable to grow it both for home use and for sale on the market.

Fruiting in this hybrid form is quite high, which in particular contributes to the large size of the heads.

What kind of cabbage is better for salting?

Geneva F1.Reaches technical ripeness in 135-145 days after planting seedlings. The main advantages of this variety include the ability to store up to the next harvest.

Cossack F1. From planting seedlings to harvest 45-55 days. The head of cabbage is round, green, weight 0.8 kg-1.2 kg, medium-dense. Good taste. Resistant to the disease of mucous bacteriosis and black leg. Planting plantation seedlings 50cmx40 cm

Early ripe white cabbage: about the time of harvest and the best varieties

This group of white cabbage varieties is mainly intended to be consumed fresh immediately after the plants are removed from the beds.

Since they are called early, then they ripen the very first at the beginning of summer. In general, the vegetation period of plants of this group does not last longer than 105-120, that is, the time from the beginning of seed germination and to full maturity of cabbage heads.

“Dumas F1” - early cabbage for thickened plantations

The heads of the hybrid form "Dumas F1" have a rounded classic cabbage shape. Their color is very interesting: from smoky green to light green.

The leaves are rather large, smooth in wavy edges. The taste qualities of this cabbage are at a very high level, and the commercial appearance does not lag behind at all. With a weight of heads of 0.8-1.5 kilograms, it is very profitable to grow it both for home use and for sale on the market.

A very large positive quality of this cabbage is that it is perfectly capable of bearing fruit even when it is thickened. At the same time, only poor agricultural practices can influence the size of heads, which makes it possible to get high yields anyway.

Also, cabbages “Dumas F1” ripen just in an unusually short time: technical maturity comes within 55-57 days from the moment of planting in the garden of seedlings.

Virtues ultra-early cabbage variety

  • The highest resistance to cracking heads, even under very adverse conditions.
  • The ability to remain well on the vine without damage and changes in taste.
  • Good marketability and taste.

The disadvantages also cabbage "Dumas F1" can also be attributed only to a narrow range of its use and short shelf life.

The best varieties of mid-season cabbage especially for your vegetable garden

The area of ​​use of middle-ripening varieties of white cabbage is somewhat wider than early. It is intended for fresh consumption in the autumn.

It can even be sour, only to maintain its taste in this form it will not be long - only 3-4 months. The ripening of such cabbage comes not much later than early - 130 days after sowing the seeds.

Ditmarshir Frewer

White cabbage grade Ditmarshur Frewer

The popular reliable variety, obtained in Germany, ripens 75–110 days after mass sprouting. The cabbages have excellent marketability - ideally round, taut, with a very small median stalk. The weight of one-dimensional heads from 800 g to 1.2 kg. Plants are disease-resistant, compact, do not undergo bacteriosis and do not crack. The yield is constant, good - up to 40 kg from 10 square meters. Due to its high density, forks can be stored in a cool place for up to two months.

F1 lightning

The domestic hybrid of early ripening ripens for 100–105 days. The advantages and differences - high yield, compact outlet and resistance to cracking. The heads are round, taut, weighing up to 3 kg, whitish-green. External cabbage is not long, strong. Yield canceled - from 10 square meters. m can collect up to 75 kg of selected cabbage heads, with a level of marketability of 98-99%. Consumer properties are high - cabbage sheets are crispy, juicy, sweet.

Golden hectare

An unpretentious generous variety is an excellent choice for marketed cabbage. They start to remove heads for 100–110 days after sprouting. The cabbages are round, the density is medium or excellent, with short stumps weighing from 1.5 kg to 2.5 kg. The crops are excellent - up to 85 kg from 10 square meters. It attracts a variety by simultaneous ripening of the crop, which is not prone to cracking, and gardeners also like it because of its low requirements for cultivation and its resistance to changing weather conditions.

F1 perfect

This cabbage ripens in average terms - the waiting period for the harvest is about 120 days. The head is round, hidden under slightly folded leaves, light green, whitish on the cut. The surface is smooth, the structure is tight, weight up to 2.5 kg with a small stalk. The yields of dropped forks are high and range from 60 to 78 kg per 10 square meters. m. An excellent hybrid is characterized by high preservation in the garden, resistance to cracking and consistently high yields.

Glory 1305

White cabbage grade Glory 1305

Exceptional old variety of the average harvest time, the harvesting period is extended from 100 to 132 days from the moment of emergence, which allows you to harvest all summer, as needed. Large forks are rounded-flattened, remarkably tasty, of moderate density, good in fresh salads, for the preparation of any dishes and fermentation.

Weight ranges from 2.4 to 4.5 kg, yields are excellent, up to 100 kg from 10 square meters. m. Collected in the fall of the head, slightly dried in air and embedded in the basement, can be stored without loss until early March.

Losinoostrovskaya 8

Transportable unpretentious variety forms commodity heads for 115-130 days. The shape is round or slightly flattened, with a small stalk, the color is green with a slight bluish bloom, the density is moderate, the weight is 2.5–3.8 kg.

Cabbage sweet, excellent taste, great for pickling and bookmark in the winter for long-term storage. Keel susceptibility is weak. The yields are medium and high - from 45 to 80 kg per 10 square meters. m

The high-yielding variety belongs to the middle-ripening category, ripening at 110–130 days after germination. The forks are large, beautiful, rounded-flattened, weighing 3.0–3.5 kg. The color is even, dark green, yellowish-white on the cut. Plants are cold-resistant, unpretentious, not prone to crack, yields up to 100 kg per 10 square meters. m. Preservation is excellent, heads are not affected by mold and necrosis, resistant to fungal diseases, black leg and keel.

Amager 611

A common variety loved by vegetable growers ripens for 120–148 days. The head of cab is flat-round, dense, weighing 2.5-3.8 kg, light green with a bluish bloom, inside is white. The yields are stable - up to 60 kg from 10 square meters. m, plants are unpretentious, tolerate drought and light frost. Disadvantages - susceptibility to fusarium and bacteriosis, during storage in wet basements, cabbages tend to be affected by mold fungi and point necrosis.

And yet, this cabbage has considerable advantages, for which he has been held in high esteem by gardeners for many years - she is not inclined to crack, is easily transported, the correctly harvested crop is stored until April. Tastes are excellent - the heads of cabbage are suitable for any culinary dishes, gourmet and gourmet in salads.

Exceptionally tight leveled forks - the main difference between this variety. The waiting period for the harvest is 160–170 days, simultaneous harvesting. The shape is round or slightly flattened, taut, weighing 1.8-4.0 kg. The color is greyish green, when cut it is creamy white. Landings give excellent yields - up to 110 kg from 10 square meters. Cabbage is not inclined to be affected by bacteriosis, is not susceptible to point necrosis during storage. The advantages of the hybrid - a friendly return of the crop, high marketability, excellent preservation until the beginning of the summer season.

Belorusskaya 455

White cabbage grade Belarusian 455

Неприхотливый сорт поспевает к сбору на 110–130 день от момента сплошных всходов и относится к среднеспелой категории. Тугие кочаны круглые, светло-зеленые. Внутренняя кочерыжка маленькая, наружная ‒ длинная или средняя. Вес колеблется в пределах 1,5–4,2 кг. Капустные растения выносливы, хорошо приспосабливаются к изменениям погоды – похолоданию или засухе, не лопаются и не вянут.

Урожайность зависит от агротехники и может составлять от 35 кг до 100 кг с 10 кв. m, collect forks in August and October, they are perfectly stored and transported, able to lie in cellars without damage until April, which is a unique feature for medium cabbages.

Snow White

Late-ripening dense cabbages remove in 130–150 days from the appearance of full shoots. Cabbage is taut, light green with a small stalk, inside is snow-white, one-dimensional, weighing 3.5–4.5 kg. The variety is very generous, gives up to 100 kg from 10 square meters. m

Landings are resistant to fusarium wilt, bacteriosis, forks are not inclined to burst. The collected heads are used in a variety of ways - fresh, for pickling and vegetable dishes, but winter storage remains the main purpose. This cabbage does not lose its properties and appearance until late spring.

Exceptional variety, allowing storage in cold basements until the beginning of summer, and preservation until the end of spring is 90%. It ripens for 135–150 days after continuous shoots. The forks are tight, light green, covered with a bluish blot, weighing 2-3 kg. The taste is excellent with a high content of sugars and vitamin C, the structure is juicy, the taste improves in winter.

The yields are constant and high - up to 60 kg per 10 square meters. Cabbage plants are weakly exposed to fungal diseases, tolerate drought, and are not subject to point necrosis and mold development during storage.

Bedside cabbage of German selection is harvested at 160-175 days after continuous shoots. The heads are round, taut, green, covered with bluish bloom, weighing 2.2–3.2 kg. The heads are immune to cracking, of a remarkably salable appearance, one-dimensional and beautiful. The yield is excellent - 80–100 kg per 10 square meters. m

Cabbage plantings are poorly or not at all affected by bacteriosis, keel, fomosis, and forks collected in October-November are well preserved until June, without being damaged by mold and necrosis.

Moscow late

White cabbage grade Moscow late

Tasty cabbage with tight big heads weighing up to 8 kg is more often used for souring, thus it turns out fragrant, crispy. It ripens in 125–150 days after full sprouting. The color of the heads is light green, with a thin bluish bloom, while cutting creamy white. Cabbage plantings are fruitful - up to 100–120 kg from 10 square meters. m, forks are not inclined to burst and are not affected by the keel, persist until spring.

Kharkov winter

The unpretentious cabbage easily transfers heat and light frosts, ripens 152 days after mass shoots. The head of cab flat-round, taut, weighing 2.5-4.8 kg. The heads are not prone to cracking, are moderately susceptible to bacteriosis. The variety is versatile and well-kept, but it is best of all possible when fermented in whole or shredded form immediately after the autumn harvest. The yield is high 50–80 kg per 10 square meters. m

Stable maturing variety with a waiting period of 150–160 days from mass shoots. The head of cabbage is green with a bluish bloom, white, rounded at the cut, the stem is small, the cabbage weight is 1.6–3.5 kg. Productivity depends on the conditions of cultivation and ranges from 35 to 100 kg per 10 square meters. m

The variety is weakly susceptible to fomoz, does not have a black leg in the seedling phase, and is not susceptible to cracking. Advantages - almost simultaneous returns and stability, density and sugar content of heads, magnificent in fermented form, keeping quality until the end of spring.

Cold-resistant varieties and hybrids

White cabbage is famous for its resistance to cold, high yields of this crop can be obtained in the most northern regions. Well-rooted, powerful adult sockets of late varieties are able to tolerate a strong drop in temperature and even frost, “moving away” from the root on serene days. Young, poorly rooted seedlings are more susceptible to the negative effects of low temperatures, so to successfully obtain an early harvest, you should choose the most resistant to cold varieties and hybrids.

Cossack F1

White cabbage grade Kazachok F1

Early hybrid lasts 95–100 days, suitable for disembarkation at the earliest possible time. Forks are rounded oblate, small, aligned, weighing 1.2–1.7 kg. The density is moderate, the surface is light green with a slight bloom, and the cabanas are creamy-white on the cut. The leaves are delicate, elastic, juicy, excellent taste. Plants are resistant to the disease blackfoot, after rooting seedlings easily tolerate frosts, are resistant to cracking and good yields, which average up to 50 kg per 10 square meters. m

Popular early ripe variety distinguishes resistance to nocturnal cold weather and slight frost. The first forks ripen in 90–100 days, they are round, light green, and when cut, they are creamy white, of average density, weighing up to 2.7 kg. Plants tolerate frosts down to -5 ° C, are resistant to fungal diseases, and with too high moisture in the soil they can crack. June cabbage is generous and constant, with good care you can collect up to 60 kg from 10 square meters. m, ripen harvest at the same time.

An excellent fruitful hybrid for ultra-early production begins to be harvested on 85–94 days. Sockets squat, on a low stump. The cabbages are round, slightly elongated, up to 23 cm high, whitish in light green color on the cut, one-dimensional, weighing 1.3–1.5 kg. Density is moderate, taste is excellent. The yields are good, stable - 29–37 kg with 10 square meters. m

Landings are resistant to cold and, being covered immediately after planting with light agrofibre, having taken root, they are able to withstand a significant night temperature drop. Advantages - simultaneous ripening, neat leveled heads, excellent transportability and cold resistance.

Mid-season white cabbage "Gift" - the best decoration of your garden bed

The shape of the heads of this variety is usually found either round or flat-round. They have a medium density, but differ in light green leaf color.

A feature of the variety is also the perfect smoothness and brilliance of the leaves, which creates the impression of the presence of wax on them.

Mass of heads compared to early varieties, simply impressive - from 2.5 to 4, or even 5 kilograms. Moreover, the taste of cabbage "Gift" are at a high level.

The grade is intended not only for the fresh use, but also perfectly is suitable for a fermentation and salting.

Fruits cabbage "Gift" is very good. When planting her scheme 0.5 to 0.6 meters from an area of ​​1m2 without problems, you can harvest up to 15 kilograms. Thus, all the resources invested in the cultivation of this cabbage are even excessively compensated by crops.

Moreover, the full maturation of the heads may occur even after 120 days, although for further salting or pickling the cabbage should be kept a little more on the beds.

What is the grade valued for and what is it proud of?

  • The most important feature and advantage of this cabbage is that the variety grows well and bears fruit even in the conditions of the Siberian and Ural climatic regions of Russia. There is no point even talking about other regions, since under more favorable conditions the variety gives even better yields.
  • Fresh cobs are stored for up to 4 months.
  • Excellent taste and presentation of the resulting cabbage.
  • The variety has practically no flaws, it only requires careful maintenance, good farming practices and the prevention of pest and disease lesions.

Video: The best varieties of white cabbage

Perhaps it is difficult to find another such vegetable, which would be so fruitful, unpretentious, useful, had such excellent preservation and versatility in use, like cabbage. And thanks to the selection diversity, you can always pick up some of the best varieties and provide your family with cabbage from your garden for the whole year.

The best varieties of cabbage for storage.

White cabbage is a product traditionally beloved by our gardeners. This cross-pollinated biennial cruciferous plant is grown and harvested everywhere in large quantities. There are so many varieties of it that it is quite difficult to understand them and choose exactly what is necessary, what is suitable in any particular case.

According to the length of the growing season, cabbage is divided into very early ripening - up to 125 days, medium early and early ripening - up to 135 days, middle ripening - up to 155 days, medium late - up to 160 days and late ripening - up to 220 days. Each of these groups has its own characteristics. Early varieties are more tender leaves and streaks, but rather unstable to rot and quickly lose their excellent taste during storage. Later, on the contrary, they resist various diseases well, are less susceptible to pest attacks, but their taste is often far from perfect.

Late and late ripening varieties are more suitable for storage. They are distinguished from the rest of the more dense head, frost resistance and increased yield. The best varieties of cabbage, intended for long-term storage, as a rule, have one very important property - over time, their taste becomes even more pleasant than it was immediately after the harvest. One of these - Wintering 1474. It is specifically designed for cultivation in the northern regions, is not afraid of the defeat of fungal infection and is very resistant to frost.

Unsurpassed leaders in terms of keeping quality are currently hybrids of Dutch breeding. Marathon, Lennox and Bartolo. But similar characteristics have such domestic varieties as Monarch and Gingerbread Man.

For the Urals and Siberia, experts recommend long-stored varieties Geneva, Turkis and Aros. They also call the round-flat variety Amager, but, according to experienced amateur gardeners who grew it, after a certain period it often begins to taste bitter.

Well kept late-ripening variety Gingerbread Man. Its distinctive feature is a very dense head of cabbage that has a white and yellow hue on the cut. Varieties also have similar properties. Anniversary and Krumon. The latter is able to persist for six months and not be affected by necrosis.

Of hybrids with a short growing season, quite satisfactory keeping quality - from seven to eight months, have Eton and Hurricane. Among other things, they are also distinguished by good taste for this group.

Within five months, the popular domestic variety has been preserved. Present. Its rounded, dense cabbages, weighing more than three kilograms, are resistant to cracking and can be successfully used for pickling.

In addition to the above, the varietal catalog, published by the Timiryazev Academy in the form of practical advice for gardeners in central Russia, recommends using the following varieties and hybrids for storage:

Albatross F1 - late cabbage-resistant hybrid of black leg, vascular and mucous bacteriosis, suitable for mechanized processing,

Amtrak F1 - late ripening, resistant to thrips and fusarium wilt, has a stable yield, ripening and crack resistance,

Aros F1 - Late-ripening, for high yields requires a thick planting, it has excellent taste,

Bingo F1 - late ripening, has good evenness, both of heads, and plants, this cabbage is resistant to cracking,

Snowstorm - medium grade, relatively resistant to black leg and fomoz, variety of universal use, taste qualities of both fresh and sauerkraut are excellent and good,

Galaxy F1 - late ripening, has a high morphological evenness of plants and friendly crop formation, heads of cabbies are not subject to cracking,

Kalorama F1 - late ripening, relatively resistant to the main diseases of cabbage, has good taste, is distinguished by evenness of heads,

Lying F1 - late ripe, moderately susceptible to gray rot, keel, vascular and mucous bacteriosis, as well as damage to the cabbage fly, has a stable yield,

Latima F1 - late ripening, has evened small portion heads, has good transportability,

Rusinovka - medium-late high-yielding variety, susceptible to infection with black leg and mucous bacteriosis, is moderately susceptible, fermented, has a great taste, both fresh and fermented, dense cobs are not susceptible to cracking,

Tranz F1 - Late-ripening hybrid of Dutch breeding, heads of cabbage have a weight of from 1.7 to 2.9 kilograms, has a friendly maturation, resistance to cracking and evenness of heads and plants.

Varieties of sauerkraut

Cabbage is a rich source of microelements and minerals that many people grow on their plots. We eat cabbage both raw and we prepare various dishes from it. Many of us love sauerkraut very much, especially during the winter period - this is one of the few natural vegetables that is stored fresh. To sauerkraut kept as long as possible and retain all the beneficial properties for a long time, you need to choose the best variety of cabbage for fermentation.

How to choose cabbage for fermentation?

For sourdough, choose medium or late cabbage varieties. When choosing heads, give preference to large heads. Color heads should be white, without greenish sheets. In the white leaves of the cabbage is more sugar, and sugar when fermenting is necessary for fermentation.

If you can’t see the cabbage variety, you can choose a suitable head of cab in another way. Cut the cabbage in half, examine it inside and taste it. The best sauerkraut that will suit you should be on a cream-white cut, the head should be very tight, and it should be crispy and sweet to taste.

White cabbage is a variety for pickling

Many for souring prefer mid-season cabbage varieties, these include:

  • Glory-1305 - ripens 95 days after planting. This variety is very high-yielding and is planted by gardeners for pickling.
  • Present - this cabbage kvass, pickled and salted. From this grade very tasty sauerkraut which can be stored about five months turns out.
  • Jubilee F1 - cabbage fermented from this variety is also stored for about 4-5 months, and the weight of one cabbage head reaches 4 kg.

You should also look at the varieties of Menza F1, voluntary and Belarusian cabbage. These varieties of cabbage are also suitable for fermentation.

Kohlrabi, Brussels sprouts, Peking and Savoy cabbages for the Moscow region

In addition to broccoli cabbage, summer residents of the Moscow region recommend kohlrabi cabbage.

Top grades: late - Giant and early Viennese white.

Grown and Brussels sprouts. One of the best varieties of Brussels sprouts for the suburbs are considered Hercules and Boxer hybrid.

This is a medium late cabbage, has excellent taste and decorative appearance. Each small fruit weighs no more than 20 grams. One plant gives an average yield of 500 grams.

A special feature of the Brussels sprouts is its frost resistance and resistance to many diseases (especially for hybrid varieties).

Also, many gardeners love to grow Peking cabbage.

Many gardeners claim that the best varieties of Chinese cabbage for Moscow region are Nika, Glass, Asten.

Residents of suburban suburban areas are also familiar savoy cabbagewhich is grown in small quantities in order to decorate dishes.

The most suitable grade for this region is considered Golden early. You can see the hybrid variety of savoy cabbage Melissa.