Sentyabryinki - so affectionately gardeners call Astra virgin or nobel Belgian (the scientific name of the syringe is Symphyotrichum novi-belgii), since the flowering period begins in September. The inflorescences of white, blue, purple, cornflower, pink, purple shades adorn until late autumn.
Unpretentious enough to grow like weeds
This member of the Astrovie family is from North America. Sentyabrynki perfectly got accustomed in our area, quickly run wild and can grow without any care for decades. Flowering bushes can be found on the approaches to the taiga zone.
Sentyabrynki in the wild photo
The shape of the bush is like an inverted pyramid. Stems are powerful, erect, well branched, densely covered with small leaves.
Huge variety of varieties
Perennial asters of September are many-sided: there are huge bushes about 2 m high and compact curtains that barely reach a height of 30 cm. At the end of August they are covered with numerous buds, and by mid-September the rampant bloom is breathtaking.
All the charm consists of a huge number of crowns with a diameter of about 1-5 cm, collected in basket inflorescences. The leaves fall off, and the flowers withstand a drop in temperature to -50 ° C. If the warm weather returns, they will continue their parade of beauty.
This unpretentious perennial will be a wonderful decoration of every corner of the garden.
On one bush about 200 inflorescences simultaneously open. The corollas look like daisies: the core (yellow-orange, less often red or burgundy) is framed by a large number of narrow petals. The most common lilac and purple colors.
Growing septiberin from seeds
Sentabryinki seed seedling photos
Seed propagation of the September women involves the cultivation of seedlings. It is hardly possible to collect the seeds on their own - they do not have time to ripen, and if they reach the desired state, they quickly lose their germination. For seed go to the flower shop.
- To sow the seeds of the September start in February.
- You will need wide containers or distribution boxes with a universal substrate.
- Seal the seeds to a depth of no more than 0.5 cm: it is enough to distribute over the surface of the soil, only slightly pressing into the soil.
- Spray from a fine sprayer, cover the top with film or glass, maintain the air temperature in the range of 22-25 ° C, provide diffused lighting.
After 3-4 weeks sprouts will seem, then the shelter can be removed. During this time, do not forget to regularly air crops, maintain soil moisture by spraying. Sprout water moderately. If sprouts are drawn, provide extra light. In the phase of the appearance of two true leaves, spread out in separate containers.
After about 10 days of growth, feed them with complex mineral fertilizers. From mid-April, begin hardening the seedlings: take them to the open air for 30–40 minutes a day. Transplant in open ground spend in May.
Vegetative reproduction of September
Shrub dividing is the most popular way of breeding septibrins. The procedure can be carried out in spring or autumn. Every 2-3 years, they completely dig up a bush, divide it into parts (the delenka should contain a part of the rhizome with 1-2 buds of growth) and plant it. The plant gives basal shoots - they can be deposited annually. Carefully undermine the edge of the maternal shrub, cut off the young plant with a sharp shovel.
After pruning, side shoots can be used as cuttings. Root in the water, the roots will appear in about 20 days - can be planted in open ground.
Site preparation is necessary to do in advance. A couple of weeks before planting, dig to the depth of the spade bayonet, while adding organic matter (humus) and a complex of mineral fertilizers. Directly on the day of planting, make holes on the size of the root system, spill well with water and let it soak. Then place the seedlings, fill in the missing amount of soil, carefully apply the soil with your palms.
How to water
The first 10-14 days after planting should be watered approximately every other day in order for the plants to successfully take root.
In the care of the plants do not deliver a lot of trouble, it is necessary to carry out basic procedures: watering, loosening the soil, feed fertilizer, carry out sanitary pruning.
Sentyabrynki perfectly tolerate temporary drought, and waterlogging of the soil can cause significant damage (disease). In principle, the plant can do without watering, but flowering will be scarce. Water about 1 time a week in dry, hot weather, with an average temperature and humidity range increasing to 16 days. For irrigation it is better to use warm water.
Feed enough 2-3 times per season. Use complex mineral fertilizers. Feed the first time in early spring, focusing on the proportion of nitrogen, spend the second feeding in the middle of summer, adding more potassium, a third can be done during budding or during flowering with a predominance of the phosphorus component.
Mandatory measures to maintain the plant in a healthy state is regular loosening of the soil and removal of weeds.
Sanitary pruning is carried out throughout the growing season: remove dried leaves and inflorescences, and cut off the damaged or out-of-sight shoots. In the fall, when the septembryes bloom, the shoots are cut to the root, leaving peneses about 2 cm high.
When to relocate septembero?
When it is necessary to seat the september women, the question is important. Bushes of asters of Virginia, long growing in one place, need to be transplanted. Over time, the soil is compacted, depleted, which prevents the normal access of oxygen to the roots. Bushes tend to grow - solid dense planting will interfere with each other. The situation will change the transplant, which is carried out about 1 time in 4 years (combine with the division of the bush).
As for the timing, it is preferable to do it in the spring: the bushes will have time to root well and get stronger for the winter. If you transplant in the fall, do it as early as possible - the plants should at least take root.
Diseases and pests
The plant has rather high resistance to diseases and pests.
Mealy dew is a disease typical of all members of the Astrovie family. If you do not respond immediately, a strong and beautiful bush can wither with lightning speed. It is difficult to prevent the disease: the spores of the pathogenic fungus are transmitted by air, get through the water or hands, objects (gloves, garden shears) that have been in contact with diseased plants. The main symptom is the appearance of stains in the form of a whitish plaque - it can be brushed away like dust. After a while they become more and more. It is necessary to process the fungicidal preparation based on copper. For the purposes of prophylaxis, treatment with Bordeaux mixture or copper sulfate solution can be carried out.
Other possible diseases: blackleg, fusarium, rust. Treat with a fungicide (foundation, scor, precursors, etc.).
Pests: meadow bugs, spider mites, aphids, earwigs, moths moths. Treat with insecticide. Sometimes you can find slugs - they are collected manually or use special traps.
Sentyabrynki in landscape design
Sentyabrynki in landscape design photo
Sentyabrynki give their beauty in the finals of the summer, without fear of even the first cold snaps and suddenly fallen first snow.
Sentyabrynki garden design photo
These unpretentious perennials are welcome guests in the garden. Bushes with delicate buds look great in single and group plantings, they are used to frame garden paths, curbs, foot of bushes (from the south).
Sentyabrynki landscape design photos
Look great in mixborder with brothers in the family. Resilient, drought-resistant plants such as chrysanthemums, rudbeckia, and anemones can be neighbors.
Sentyabrynki in floristics
From the cut-off inflorescences, you can create a gorgeous bouquet - an armful of modest, but bright flowers looks spectacular. When cut, they remain fresh for 2 weeks. To prolong this period, change the water daily, you can dissolve a pinch of sugar and a few manganese crystals in it.
Dwarf varieties (about 40 cm high):
Sentyabrynki grade Audrey Symphyotrichum novi-belgii Audrey photo of flowers
Audrey - lilac-pink color,
Sepyabinki Jenny Symphyotrichum novi-belgii Jenny photo
Jenny - miniature bushes with red inflorescences,
Sentyabrinki Snowsprite Symphyotrichum novi-belgii Snowsprite photo
Snowsprite - the bush is decorated with snow-white inflorescences.
Varieties of medium height:
Elina - bushes with a height of about 80 cm fascinate with lush flowering, rims reach a diameter of 5 cm, the color is bright pink.
Cassie - height of the bush is 85 cm. Snow-white beaters with a diameter of about 3 cm form a continuous coating.
Aster novi-belgii Сент Winston S. Churchill ’photos
Winston S. Churchill - plant height is limited to 70 cm. Flowers of ruby color.
Sentyabrynki Royal Velvet Aster novi-belgii ‘Royal Velvet’
Royal Velvet - purple color with a bluish tinge, the bush seems to glow.
Reach a height of 1 m or more, the diameter of the corolla is 3.5-4 cm:
White Ladys Sentyabryinki Symphyotrichum novi-belgii White Ladys photo
White Lady - the height of the bush is 1.1 m. The inflorescences are snow-white with a yellow core.
Sentyabrynki Lady in blue Aster novi-belgii Lady in Blue photo
Desertblue - blue-violet range of inflorescences.
Dastyrose - flowers of soft crimson hue.
Amethyst - semi-double inflorescences, dark lilac petals.
Dick Ballard Dick Ballard photos
Dick Ballard - petals of a gentle pink shade settle down in 2 rows.
New England or North American varieties of perennial asters
They are even higher: 1.4-1.7 m.
Sunset is a sprawling bush about 1.2 m high. Inflorescences of rich crimson hue.
Sepyabrinki September Rubin Symphyotrichum novi-belgii September rubin photo
Septemberrubin - flowers have a red-crimson hue.
Constance is a real giant, about 1.8 m high. Inflorescences of purple hue.
Browman - a plant with a height of 1.2 m. The color is lilac.
Description of the flower and its varietiesOktyabrinka can live for a long time, it is important to provide it with proper care. Even a beginner amateur gardener will cope with growing.
The homeland of this unpretentious flower is the eastern part of North America. In Russia, the Sabbath spread quickly, is found even in the taiga zone.
The bush is shaped like a pyramid. The plant has a strong trunk, thick foliage. On one branch there are a lot of small flowers up to 5 cm in size. The buds are able to withstand frosts down to -5 degrees. When the temperature rises, they thaw, and in warm weather they will bloom further, even if it snows.